Nearly 1,000 British pubs have vanished in a year

Cost pressures and business rate increases are forcing publicans to lay off staff, increase prices and hold off investment

Henry Saker-Clark
Monday 22 April 2019 17:54
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Intense cost pressures and business rate increases have led to closure of almost 1,000 pubs in the UK.
Intense cost pressures and business rate increases have led to closure of almost 1,000 pubs in the UK.

Almost 1,000 pubs vanished from communities in Britain last year, as the industry was hit by intense cost pressures and business rate increases.

A total of 914 pubs disappeared in 2018, according to real estate data company Altus Group’s annual review, set to be released this week.

Around 76 pubs vanished each month during the year, although this represents a slowdown in decline from 2017.

The total number of pubs in England and Wales, liable for business rates, was 41,536 on January 1 2019, representing a fall of 1,530 since a controversial revaluation came into force in April 2017.

UK Hospitality chief executive Kate Nicholls said: “Pubs are being hit with a myriad of cost pressures at a time of unprecedented political uncertainty and unstable consumer confidence.

“Unless positive action is taken by the Government to address crippling costs, more pubs will be forced out of business.”

Earlier this month, the Campaign for Real Ale (Camra) warned that business rate increases are forcing publicans to lay off staff, increase prices and hold off investment.

A survey of 650 licensees by the pub campaign group found that three out of four believed the system was unfair to pubs.

Camra chief executive Tom Stainer said: “Since the last business rates revaluation in 2017, it has been clear that the system simply isn’t working for publicans.”

However, the rate at which pubs are vanishing, either through demolition or conversion for other uses such as homes or offices, eased significantly, according to the new data.

In the seven years prior to the change in business rates, the number of pubs in the UK dived from 54,674 to 43,066.

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In 2017, 1,292 pubs disappeared from the high street – at a rate of more than 100 pubs each month.

Alex Probyn, president of expert services at Altus Group, said: “The increase in the thresholds at which businesses, such as pubs, pay business rates coupled with the pubs discount during the last two financial years has helped ease the decline.

“The new retail discount, which slashed rates bills by a third for high street firms with a rateable value less than £51,000 from April 1, will help independent licensees in small premises and hopefully will stem the decline even further.”

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