Excessive use of antibiotics in pork is leading to the growth of ‘superbugs’ in humans which are resistant to antibiotics, a campaign for ethical pig farming has warned.
45 per cent of all antibiotics in the UK are used in animals, with many being used in pig factory farming as poor conditions and high infection rates mean the medication is the only way to keep the animals alive. The World Health Organisation has warned that antibiotic use in pigs can spread to humans through consumption of pork and impact on human immune systems.
The campaign, Farms Not Factories, has been launched with the backing of high-profile figures including Jon Snow, Dominic West, Rupert Everett, Vivienne Westwood and Jeremy Irons. The celebrities feature in a video launched for the campaign in which they are seen responding to footage of pig factory farming conditions, with many visibly distressed and driven to tears.
A spokesperson for the campaign said: “These factories are cramming pigs into such horrendous conditions that they need to be routinely dosed with antibiotics just to keep them alive, leading to ‘superbugs’- human diseases that are difficult to treat because they have become resistant to antibiotics.”
Farms Not Factories founder Tracy Worcester said: “Our message is simple, we want to help bring an end to this dangerous, inhumane system and encourage the public to only buy pork from high welfare farms.”
Research suggests pig factories often feature poor conditions including overcrowding which can lead to animals biting each other and subsequently spreading infection through their wounds. Many animals also have poor immune systems as they are taken from their mother while still suckling, meaning they do not receive adequate nutrition in their early lives to develop strength and disease resistance.
Recently, ‘superbugs’ have emerged due to the increased prevalence of antibiotics in treating bacteria related conditions, including MRSA and C.diff.
In December 2015, a government review on anti-microbial resistance identified extensive use of antibiotics in intensive livestock production, such as pig factory farms, as a major cause of the increase in antibiotic-resistant diseases in the UK. It is believed that this may also be due to patients being over prescribed the medication, particularly for routine illnesses or infections which could be treated otherwise.
In March of this year, the EU voted to support draft plans to restrict drug use in livestock farming, however this has not yet passed into statute.
G7 leaders are due to discuss antibiotic resistance when meeting in Japan for a summit later this month.
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