Exclusive: Bring back our girls - UK urged to take the fight to Boko Haram

Leading figures from worlds of politics and defence sign letter demanding action

Oliver Wright,Jonathan Brown
Tuesday 14 October 2014 10:07
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Nigerian campaigners for the release of the abducted schoolgirls try to raise awareness six months after their capture
Nigerian campaigners for the release of the abducted schoolgirls try to raise awareness six months after their capture

Britain should help provide co-ordinated international military assistance to Nigeria to tackle the brutal forces of Boko Haram, a coalition of former government ministers and generals has urged. Today marks exactly six months since 276 schoolgirls were kidnapped by the Islamist extremists in northern Nigeria.

But despite an international campaign, no diplomatic or military progress has been made to secure their release – while Western attention has shifted to the problems of Islamic fundamentalism in Iraq and Syria. Kidnapping of young girls and women has also been carried out by Isis.

Now in a letter to The Independent, foreign affairs experts including former Foreign Secretary Sir Malcolm Rifkind MP and Lord Ashdown, former leader of the Liberal Democrats, say there is a compelling moral argument for international intervention against Boko Haram. “Boko Haram and Isis form a key part of a growing, well-organised international terror network that poses a direct threat to UK national security. They must be stopped.”

Other signatories include the former Labour Defence Secretary Bob Ainsworth, and two former Africa ministers.

They call for a coordinated Commonwealth-led military assistance programme for the Nigerian security forces in their campaign against Boko Haram, and increased international intelligence support and training for the Nigerian government and military.

Mark Simmonds, a signatory and former Africa Minister, said “there is more that needs to be done” to support Nigeria in the fight against Boko Haram. “We’re not talking boots on the ground but we should be thinking about helping the Nigerian armed forces with training, procurement and with analysing intelligence.”

The letter has been organised as part of a campaign by Nigerian business groups who feel international investment is being threatened by the instability in the country.

General Sir David Richards, formerly Chief of the Defence Staff and another signatory, said Western governments had taken their eye off the ball in Africa. “It is no good just dealing with Isis, we need a grand strategy that encompasses all these trouble spots,” he said.

He added: “There is a lot that the British and other Western governments and militaries can do to train and sustain indigenous forces. But military means alone will not be sufficient. It will be part of a national or international grand strategy to deal with the problems.”

Labour MP Chi Onwurah, who worked for two years in Nigeria and has a Nigerian father, said she believed it was “important to keep the kidnapping in the public eye”. She said the Nobel peace award for Malala Yousafzai recognised the important contribution to peace of education for girls.

Despite the international outcry over the kidnapping of 276 female students at a secondary school in Chibok, Borno State, on 14 April, little progress has been made tracking down most of the girls.

On Sunday it was reported that four of the schoolgirls escaped by trekking through the jungle for three weeks. The captives said they had been raped every day.

There is no information on where the remaining hostages are being held and scepticism that the Nigerian armed forces can rescue them.

Meanwhile in Iraq an Isis propaganda magazine boasted that it had enslaved women from an Iraqi minority group to use them as concubines.

It said the Yazidi women and children were considered spoils of war after they were captured as the militants seized their towns and villages. It was the first confirmation from the group of widespread allegations of detention and sexual abuse against Yazidi women.

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