More than 2,000 people have also been infected in Harare by drinking contaminated water, the country’s new health minister, Obadiah Moyo, said on Tuesday.
The deaths have raised fears of a repeat of the 2008 cholera outbreak which killed more than 4,000 people, according to government figures.
The current outbreak is believed to be caused by poorly-maintained water and sanitation infrastructure.
After touring a hospital where patients were being treated, Mr Moyo warned reporters that the outbreak could spread to other parts of the country.
“The numbers are growing by the day and to date there are about over 2,000 cases, that is quite a big number,” the minister said.
“This whole problem has arisen as a result of blocked sewers. The other problem is that garbage has not been collected on a regular basis. There is water problems, no water availability.”
Mr Moyo said the selling of meat and fish in the affected suburbs has been banned and the government has suspended classes at some schools in at-risk areas.
Zimbabwe’s government has asked United Nations agencies and private companies to supply portable water and assist with treating the growing number of patients.
Cholera is a bacterial disease which is spread by ingesting contaminated food or water and can spread easily in areas with inadequate sewer systems.
Mr Moyo was recently appointed to the position of health minister by Zimbabwe’s president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, and was sworn into the country’s cabinet on Monday.
Since his appointment was announced last week, Mr Mayo has faced accusations he had falsified his medical qualifications, with local papers questioning why his qualifications do not appear to be officially registered with Zimbabwe’s medical council.
Additional reporting by agencies
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