US unions plan nationwide ‘strike for black lives’ to highlight racism

Tens of thousands of workers in more than 25 cities will walk out on 20 July

Aaron Morrison
Thursday 09 July 2020 10:32 BST
Approximately 54 per cent of black workers and 63 per cent of Hispanic workers earn less than a living wage
Approximately 54 per cent of black workers and 63 per cent of Hispanic workers earn less than a living wage (AP)

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Louise Thomas

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A national coalition of labour unions, along with racial and social justice organisations, will stage a mass walkout from work this month, as part of an ongoing reckoning on systemic racism and police brutality in the United States.

Dubbed the “strike for black lives”, tens of thousands of fast food, ride-share, nursing home and airport workers in more than 25 cities are expected to walk off the job on 20 July for a full day strike. Those who can't strike for a full day will walk out for about eight minutes – the amount of time prosecutors say a white Minneapolis police officer held his knee on George Floyd's neck – in remembrance of black men and women who died recently at the hands of police.

The national strike will also include worker-led marches through participating cities, organisers said on Wednesday.

According to details shared exclusively with The Associated Press, organisers are demanding sweeping action by corporations and government to confront systemic racism in an economy that chokes off economic mobility and career opportunities for many black and Hispanic workers, who make up a disproportionate number of those earning less than a living wage. They also stress the need for guaranteed sick pay, affordable health care coverage and better safety measures for low-wage workers who never had the option of working from home during the coronavirus pandemic.

“We have to link these fights in a new and deeper way than ever before,” said Mary Kay Henry, president of the Service Employees International Union, which represents more than 2 million workers in the US and Canada.

“Our members have been on a journey to understanding why we cannot win economic justice without racial justice. This strike for black lives is a way to take our members' understanding about that into the streets,” Ms Henry told the AP.

Among the strikers' specific demands are that corporations and government declare unequivocally that “black lives matter”. Elected officials at every level must use executive and legislative power to pass laws that guarantee people of all races can thrive, according to a list of demands. Employers must also raise wages and allow workers to unionise to negotiate better health care, sick leave and child care support.

The service workers union has partnered with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, the American Federation of Teachers, United Farm Workers and the Fight for $15 and a Union, which was launched in 2012 by American fast food workers to push for a higher minimum wage.

Social and racial justice groups taking part include March On, the Centre for Popular Democracy, the National Domestic Workers Alliance and the Movement for Black Lives, a coalition of more than 150 organisations that make up the Black Lives Matter movement.

Ash-Lee Woodard Henderson, a strike organiser with the Movement for Black Lives, said corporate giants that have come out in support of the Black Lives Matter movement amid nationwide protests over police brutality have also profited from racial injustice and inequity.

“They claim to support black lives, but their business model functions by exploiting black labour – passing off pennies as 'living wages' and pretending to be shocked when Covid-19 sickens those black people who make up their essential workers,” said Ms Henderson, co-executive director of Tennessee-based Highlander Research and Education Centre.

“Corporate power is a threat to racial justice, and the only way to usher in a new economy is by tackling those forces that aren't fully committed to dismantling racism,” she said in a statement.

Trece Andrews, a black nursing home worker for a Ciena Healthcare-managed retirement home in the Detroit area, said she feels dejected after years of being passed over for promotions. The 49-year-old believes racial discrimination plays a part in her career stagnation. “I've got 20 years in the game and I'm only at $15.81 (£12.52) per hour,” she said in a phone interview.

As the single mother of a 13-year-old daughter and caregiver to her father, a cancer survivor, Ms Andrews said inadequate personal protective gear makes her afraid of bringing the coronavirus home from her job.

“We've got the coronavirus going on, plus we've got this thing with racism going on,” Ms Andrews said. “They're tied together, like some type of segregation, like we didn't have our ancestors and Martin Luther King fighting against these types of things. It's still alive out here, and it's time for somebody to be held accountable. It's time to take action.”

The strike continues a decades-old labour rights movement tradition. Most notably, organisers have drawn inspiration from the Memphis sanitation workers' strike over low wages, benefits disparity between black and white employees, and inhumane working conditions that contributed to the deaths of two black workers in 1968. At the end of that two-month strike, some 1,300 mostly black sanitation workers bargained collectively for better wages.

"Strike for black lives" organisers say they want to disrupt a multi-generational cycle of poverty perpetuated by anti-union and other policies that make it difficult to bargain collectively for better wages and working conditions.

Systemic poverty affects 140 million people in the US, with 62 million people working for less than a living wage, according to the Poor People's Campaign: A National Call for Moral Revival, a strike partnering organisation. An estimated 54 per cent of black workers and 63 per cent of Hispanic workers fall into that category, compared to 37 per cent of white workers and 40 per cent of Asian American workers, the group said.

“The reason why, on 20 July, you're going to see strikes and protests and the walk-offs and socially distanced sit-ins and voter registration outreach is because thousands and thousands of poor, low-wage workers of every race, creed and colour understand that racial, economic, health care, immigration, climate and other justice fights are all connected,” the Reverend William Barber II, co-chair of the Poor People's Campaign, said in a telephone interview.

“If in fact we are going to take on police violence that kills, then certainly we have to take on economic violence that also kills,” he said.

Organisers said some striking workers will do more than walk off the job on 20 July. In Missouri, participants will rally at a McDonald's in Ferguson, a key landmark in the protest movement sparked by the death of Michael Brown, a black teenager who was killed by police in 2014. The strikers will then march to a memorial site located on the spot where Mr Brown was shot and killed.

In Minneapolis, where Mr Floyd was killed on 25 May, nursing home workers will participate in a caravan that will include a stop at the airport. They'll be joined by wheelchair attendants and cabin cleaners demanding a $15-per-hour (£11.87) minimum wage, organisers said.

Angely Rodriguez Lambert, a 26-year-old McDonald's worker in Oakland, California, and leader in the Fight for $15 and a Union, said she and several co-workers tested positive for Covid-19 after employees weren't initially provided proper protective equipment. As an immigrant from Honduras, Ms Lambert said she also understands the black community's urgent fight against police brutality.

“Our message is that we're all human and we should be treated like humans – we're demanding justice for black and Latino lives,” she told the AP.

“We're taking action because words are no longer bringing the results that we need,” she said. “Now is the moment to see changes.”


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