Around 200 prisoners are involved in the fight against the Camp Fire, that has so far claimed 77 lives and destroyed the community of Paradise in northern California. Around 1,000 people have been listed as missing by emergency teams, although the list is not considered fixed.
Meanwhile, as many as 3,700 inmates are among the estimated 9,000 firefighters currently tackling various blazes throughout the state. Approximately 2,600 of those are ‘fire line qualified’inmates.
“An inmate must volunteer for the fire camp programme; no one is involuntarily assigned to work in a fire camp,” Alexandra Powell, a spokesperson for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR), told The Independent.
Volunteers are screened on a case-by-case basis and must have “minimum custody” status, or the lowest classification for inmates based on their sustained good behaviour in prison, their conforming to rules within the prison and participation in rehabilitative programming, she said.
She said volunteers must must have five years or less remaining on their sentence to be considered
Reports suggest the use of inmate labour to tackle wildfires saves the state as much as $100m (£77.8m) a year, and that the so-called Conservation Camp Programme, has made prisoners available since the 1940s.
Yet, campaigners say their involvement is not without problems. At least six inmates are believed to have died fighting fires since 1983 and the prisoners do not receive the same legal protections as other firefighters, the activists said.
“Most prisoners want to work, and jobs for prisoners can be a very positive thing. A job can provide an escape from the crushing monotony of prison life – a chance to do something productive, earn a little money, and maybe even learn some skills that are useful in and of themselves and useful when reentering society,” said David Fathi, director of the national prison project at the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
He added: “That said, given the vast power inequality between prisoners and their employers, there is also a persistent and real potential for exploitation and abuse.
“Prisoners are excluded from the legal protections enjoyed by all other workers. They’re not allowed to unionise. They’re not covered by minimum wage laws, and the paltry wages they do earn can be seized by the prison.”
Ms Powell, of the CDCR, said inmate firefighters receive wildland firefighting training from California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL Fire), and would obtain the same amount of training as a seasonal firefighter.
“It is important to note that through rehabilitation, and programmes like the fire camp programme, inmates learn useful skills that can help them on the outside,” she added.
On Monday, two days after Donald Trump visited the site of the fires and met some members of the emergency teams, officials said crews had renewed their search for the remains of those who have lost their lives in the Camp Fire blaze, which took hold in Butte County, 80 miles north of the state capital, Sacramento.
Reuters said while the remains of 77 people had been recovered as of Sunday night, the Butte County Sheriff’s Office had reduced the number of missing to 993 from 1,276.
It said the number of missing has fluctuated dramatically over the last week as reports have come in from rescue teams in the field. The sheriff’s office said the number would continue to move up and down as remains were found, more missing reports come in and people who have been reported missing turn up safe.
Some people appear to have been added to the list more than once under variant spellings of their names, according to other reports.
The Camp Fire broke out in northern California on 8 November and rapidly tore through Paradise, a mountain town of nearly 27,000 people.
It has burned about 151,000 acres, and was 66 per cent contained early on Monday, up from 65 per cent late on Sunday, officials said.
Up to four inches of rain is expected to fall north of San Francisco between late Tuesday and Friday, said Patrick Burke, a forecaster at the National Weather Service’s Weather Prediction Centre in Maryland.
But while that might help those still working to contain the blaze, the rain could combine with ash to create thick mud – yet another hindrance for those working to recover remains.
Colleen Fitzpatrick, founder of the California-based consulting company Identifinders International, said the expected rain will turn the site into a “muddy, mushy mess”.
“Its going to coat things and stick to things and it’s going to make it a lot harder to find remains,” she told the news agency.
“There’s really nothing that can be done about this. The workers looking for remains are going to be stuck with this.”
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