Currently, Venezuela’s socialist government has requirements that Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) keep a controlling stake in any joint ventures with other energy companies.
But Carlos Vecchio, a representative for National Assembly leader Mr Guaido, who has been recognised by the US as the interim leader of Venezuela, told Bloomberg Mr Guaido's government would look to open up the economy to increase oil production.
“The majority of the oil production that we want to increase will be with the private sector,” he said on Monday.
Venezuela under Mr Guaido would honour all “legal” and “financial” debt, Mr Vecchio said, but suggested it may not honour debt agreements signed by the current regime under Nicolas Maduro in which the country pays creditors with oil.
The UK, US, Canada and several Latin American and EU countries have disavowed Mr Maduro over his disputed re-election last year and recognised Mr Guaido, the national assembly president, as the country’s rightful leader.
Mr Maduro, who has overseen an economic collapse and the exodus of millions of Venezuelans, is still backed by Russia, China and Turkey, and has the critical support of the military.
Russia soon responded, warning against “destructive meddling” by the international community.
Last week, the Trump administration issued crippling sanctions on PDVSA, a key source of revenue for the oil-dependent nation, whose population is experiencing malnutrition and medicine shortages.
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