Trump impeachment: Will the president be removed from office and what will happen if he is?

The president is officially being impeached. Now what?

Chris Riotta
New York
,Sarah Harvard
Wednesday 25 September 2019 17:26 BST
Trump called Pelosi to ask if they would 'work something out' over Ukraine whistleblower complaint says MSNBC reporter

After nearly three years, countless investigations, damning public testimonies and an explosive scandal to yet again rock Capitol Hill, the US House of Representatives has launched an impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump.

The probe focuses partly on whether the president abused his powers and sought help from a foreign government to undermine one of his 2020 rivals, Joe Biden, and help his own re-election. US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said such actions would mark a “betrayal of his oath of office” and declared, “No one is above the law" when announcing the inquiry.

The inquiry sets up the party’s most direct and consequential confrontation with the president, injects deep uncertainty into the 2020 election campaign and tests anew the nation’s constitutional system of checks and balances.

Mr Trump, who thrives on combat, has all but dared Democrats to take this step, confident that the spectre of impeachment led by the opposition party will bolster rather than diminish his political support.

Meeting with world leaders at the United Nations, he previewed his defence in an all-caps tweet: “PRESIDENTIAL HARASSMENT!”

So what comes next, and where does the country go from here? In order to make educated inferences, it's important to go back to the beginning of the scandal that got us here in the first place:

How did we get here?

The straw that seems to have broken the camel’s back was a phone call between Mr Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

Mr Trump reportedly ordered his staff to freeze nearly $400m (£323.7m) in aid to Ukraine a few days before the phone call, in which he seemingly urged the Eastern European nation’s leader to investigate Mr Biden and his son, Hunter.

A memorandum the White House released on Wednesday from the call showed Mr Trump calling on Mr Zelensky to look into the matter, in which no evidence of wrongdoing on the part of the Bidens has been found.

“I will say that we do a lot for Ukraine,” Mr Trump said on the phone call, according to the memorandum. “We spend a lot of effort and a lot of time. Much more than the European countries are doing and they should be helping you more than they are. Germany does almost nothing for you. All they do is talk and I think it’s something that should really ask them about.”

He then asked Mr Zelensky to look into the Bidens, saying: “The other thing, there’s a lot of talk about Biden’s son, that Biden stopped the prosecution and a lot of people want to find out about that.”

“So whatever you can do with the Attorney General would be great,” he adds. “It sounds horrible to me.”

House speaker Pelosi announces Trump impeachment inquiry

The call sparked outcry across Washington before the White House released the memorandum, which was not, in fact, the fully “unredacted” transcript Mr Trump had claimed he authorised for release a day prior.

Ms Pelosi, after years of infighting within her party, finally caved to growing calls for impeachment when she announced the official inquiry on Tuesday afternoon.

Will the president actually be removed from office?

The burden will likely now shift to Democrats to make the case to a scandal-weary public. In a highly polarised Congress, an impeachment inquiry could simply showcase how clearly two sides can disagree when shown the same evidence rather than approach consensus.

Moreover, a two-thirds majority of the Senate would have to vote in favour of removing the president in order to have him ousted by an impeachment vote. So far, it does not appear likely the Republican majority will abandon Mr Trump.

Building towards this moment, the president has repeatedly been stonewalling requests for documents and witness interviews in the variety of ongoing investigations.

After Ms Pelosi’s announcement, the president and his campaign team quickly released a series of tweets attacking Democrats, including a video of presidential critics like the speaker and Democrat Ilhan Omar discussing impeachment. It concluded: “While Democrats ‘Sole Focus’ is fighting Trump, President Trump is fighting for you.”

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said Ms Pelosi’s well-known “efforts to restrain her far-left conference have finally crumbled.”

What needs to be done to get Republicans to join in on impeachment?

There are two possibilities for this to happen. The first depends on attitudes from Republican voters.

If Republican voters end up turning on Mr Trump, it is likely for the GOP—who are eager to keep their seats in Congress after their shackling in 2018—will follow suit.

The other possibility, according to some political theorists, is that Republicans could view Mr Trump’s impeachment as an opportunity to get the president they wanted all along: Vice President Mike Pence.

Can Mr Trump face jail time?

The Justice Department has taken the position that a sitting president cannot be indicted or prosecuted. But Mr Trump's fate could change if he is successfully impeached from office, or if prosecution begins after he serves his tenure in the White House.

California Congressman Adam Schiff, the Democratic chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, has said that Mr Trump “may be the first president in quite some time to face the real prospect of jail time”, saying it could be the case the Justice Department's decision to indict Mr Trump once he leaves office.

Prosecutors have argued that Mr Trump's former lawyer Michael Cohen “acted in coordination with and at the direction of” the president before his election to silence two women—Stormy Daniels and Karen McDougal—about their alleged affairs with the former reality TV star.

What would a Mike Pence administration look like?

There are stark differences in the way Mr Trump and Mr Pence handle political business. First, Mr Pence takes more of a traditionalist approach in communicating with the American people. Unlike Mr Trump, Americans probably won’t see Mr Pence tweeting out threats against world leaders or insults towards the press in the middle of the night.

When it comes to reproductive rights and women’s healthcare, Mr Pence is likely to vow overturning landmark Roe v. Wade and might champion the GOP agenda to defund Planned Parenthood. During his tenure as an Indiana congressional representative, Mr Pence made a name for himself through his stalwart commitment to reducing government spending. In 2003, Mr Pence fought “tooth and nail and led GOP caucus members” to prevent a prescription drug entitlement from being added to Medicare—proving that the vice president is willing to take on his own political party for limited government.

Essentially, Mr Pence is married to the concepts of limited government, deregulations, shrinking government and returning the powers to the states. His critics say one thing for certain: a Pence presidency could mean bad news for Medicare, women’s reproductive rights, civil rights, public education and climate change.

Can the president simply say, ‘You can’t fire me! I quit!

That's a possibility. Former President Richard Nixon took that route when he resigned from the Oval Office in August 1974. Historians believe that if Mr Nixon would have not resigned, he would have been impeached and removed from office.

Some legal experts believe Mr Trump could take a page out of Mr Nixon’s playbook. California Congresswoman Jackie Speier—a Democrat sitting on the House permanent select committee on intelligence—reportedly said that based on the growing evidence on the Trump campaign’s ties with Russia, she believes he might resign before impeachment.

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“I have always thought that he was never going to fulfil his full term,” Ms Speier said. “I am more convinced that he will leave before any impeachment would take place.”

The Associated Press contributed to this report

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