Trump forces defence secretary Mattis out two months early as he announces successor Patrick Shanahan

Former Boeing executive Mr Shanahan will step up from deputy defence secretary to lead the Pentagon

Chris Stevenson
New York
Sunday 23 December 2018 21:50
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Defense Secretary Jim Mattis abruptly resigns

Donald Trump is forcing his defence secretary James Mattis to step down on 1 January, almost two months ahead of schedule, with the president seemingly weary of the criticism he has faced over Mr Mattis’ departure.

The move appears to be payback for the public rebuke the retired general gave the president in his resignation letter over Mr Trump’s decision to withdraw US troops from the conflict in Syria. Not least because Mr Trump tried to portray Mr Mattis leaving as a “retirement” when the letter released shortly after the announcement made it clear that was not the case.

Mr Trump issued the news in typical fashion, via Twitter. The president said that Patrick Shanahan, the current deputy at the Department of Defence, would become acting head of the Pentagon from the start of the new year.

Praising the “long list of accomplishments” of Mr Shanahan, without mentioning any in particular, and calling him “very talented”, Mr Trump did bring up his business background at Boeing. Mr Shanahan had a long history with the company before joining the administration in 2017.

Mr Trump has clearly been stewing over Mr Mattis’ resignation letter – which laid out a departure date of 28 February – over the weekend. He has faced a backlash from both Republicans and Democrats over the loss of Mattis at the end of a week where the White House has never looked more chaotic.

As well as losing two national security officials, the stock market is on track for its worst month since the 1930s. That is a source of embarrassment for the president given that much of the praise he has received during his time at the White House has been linked to the rising markets and the economy in general.

Mr Trump has also had to watch as the New York attorney general announced the fact his charitable Trump Foundation will be dissolved, while special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian election meddling in 2016 and any possible collusion with the Trump campaign is still circling the president.

A number of tweets from the president over the weekend referenced the Syria decision and the fact that Mr Trump is also seeking to withdraw thousands of troops from Afghanistan.

In particular, on Sunday, Mr Trump tried to point towards the bills he signed this week, one on agriculture and the other a rare bipartisan victory in regards to prison reform, but he said that “all the Fake News Media wants to talk about is ‘the mistake’ of bringing our young people back home from the Never Ending Wars. It all began 19 years ago!”.

On Saturday night he tweeted that Mr Mattis had been “ingloriously fired” by former president Barack Obama and said he had given Mr Mattis a second chance. Mr Obama removed Mr Mattis as head of US Central Command in 2013.

In his own letter announcing his resignation last week, Mr Mattis suggested he and the president did not see eye-to-eye on foreign policy initiatives and in the way Mr Trump treats foreign allies.

“Because you have the right to have a secretary of defence whose views are better aligned with yours... I believe it is right for me to step down from my position,” he said.

Mr Mattis disagreed with the president’s decision to move forward with the troop withdrawal from Syria, and had argued that the mission against Isis in the country is not yet over. He had tried to tell Mr Trump that withdrawing the American presence from the country would only lead to more chaos in the Middle East.

In his resignation letter Mr Mattis emphasised the importance of standing up for allies, in an implicit criticism of the president.

“One core belief I have always held is that our strength as a nation is inextricably linked to the strength of our unique and comprehensive system of alliances and partnerships,” Mr Mattis wrote. “While the US remains the indispensable nation in the free world, we cannot protect our interests or serve that role effectively without maintaining strong alliances and showing respect to those allies.”

As well as making clear the importance of America’s allies, Mr Mattis called on Mr Trump to be “resolute and unambiguous” with nations like China and Russia who “want to shape a world consistent with their authoritarian model”.

“That is why we must use all the tools of American power to provide for the common defence,” Mr Mattis wrote.

The exit of Mattis, highly regarded by Republicans and Democrats alike, added to concern from congress and international allies over what they see as Mr Trump’s unpredictable go-it-alone approach to global security.

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This impression was not helped by the resignation of US envoy Brett McGurk, who is the bridge between the United States and the international coalition fighting Isis, who himself is standing down early in the wake of the Syria decision. Mr McGurk has also made clear he believes the fight against Isis is not finished and called Mr Trump’s troop decision a “shock”.

A senior White House official said that Mr Trump was annoyed by the attention given to Mr Mattis’ resignation letter.

“He just wants a smooth, more quick transition and felt that dragging it out for a couple of months is not good,” the official said, on condition of anonymity.

The official said Mr Trump was expected to pick a nominee for defence secretary over the next couple of weeks.

Mr Shanahan, in his job as deputy defence secretary, has largely focused on internal Pentagon reform and more long-term projects like the creation of a US Space Force – a pet project for the president and vice president Mike Pence.

Defence Department spokesperson Dana White said Mr Mattis would work with Mr Shanahan and Pentagon leadership to ensure the department “remains focused on the defence of the nation during this transition”.

Reuters contributed to this report

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