India pollution crisis: Athletes run Dehli half-marathon with face masks because of city's toxic smog

People breathing the acrid air have suffered burning eyes and rasping throats

Nick Perry
Monday 20 November 2017 16:48
Men and women wear face mask as they take part in the Airtel Delhi Half Marathon 2017 in New Delhi
Men and women wear face mask as they take part in the Airtel Delhi Half Marathon 2017 in New Delhi

People breathing New Delhi's acrid air for the past month have suffered burning eyes and rasping throats, so the notion of thousands of distance runners gulping down lungful after lungful may have seemed strange. But even as the polluted air threatens health, India seems to be embracing physical fitness.

The Airtel Delhi Half Marathon went ahead Sunday, even after a last-minute attempt by the Indian Medical Association to have it postponed.

In the cool half-light before dawn, street-dwellers stoked smoking piles of trash to keep warm while race organisers adjusted placards along the route.

A runner wearing a face mask takes part in marathon 

In the start area, runner Sunil Baxi, who travelled 11 hours by train from the city of Jodhpur to compete, spoke over the blaring motivational music, saying he was thankful the air had gotten clearer.

"The gods have sent in the rain yesterday and over the last 48 hours," he said. "So it's a blessing for us."

Air pollution was a concern for past races but was brought into sharp focus this month after air-quality readings in New Delhi spiked to 75 times the level considered safe by the World Health Organisation.

Three days before the race, Delhi's High Court gave race organizer Procam International permission to proceed with the run.

As runners glided past landmarks like India Gate, they were treated to an unusual peacefulness on the streets. Blaring horns were replaced with slapping feet and enthusiastic drumming from supporters. A Sikh group in matching shirts urged the runners on.

A woman wears a face mask as she takes part in the Airtel Delhi Half Marathon 2017 

Still, many runners remained frustrated. Ashish Shakya said he'd barely been able to train because of the poor air quality. He wore a handmade sign on his back that read, "Running is in the air but the air is highly polluted."

"I feel that as a community we need to stand up and just acknowledge the existence of the pollution," he said. "In most countries, including China, it would be a state of alert. In India, we are running a half marathon."

Mr Shakya, 31, said he loves running and has watched its popularity in New Delhi soar over the past few years. But he also worries about what it's doing to him.

"It's just like smoking a cigarette. If you smoke for a year, you don't die," he said. "But if you do running continuously in this weather, the health risks outweigh the health benefits."

Some runners chose not to wear face masks 

New Delhi's air pollution typically worsens at this time of year as winds die off and the fumes from vehicles and industry stagnate. Farmers also burn spent crops and people build street fires as the night air cools.

Race organisers tried to help. They washed down the course with salted water to minimize dust. They used 150 mist fans to try to cleanse the air. They kept vehicles from the route for hours before the race. And they offered refunds to those who wanted to pull out.

A woman wears a face mask as runs through New Delhi

Race Director Hugh Jones said he was surprised at the court action and felt it had come too late.

"There comes a point when you're halfway down the springboard and you've just got to keep going," he said. "I think the choice has to be given to people to make their own minds up."

However, organisers are seeking to change the date for next year's event. The difficulty is finding a time of year in New Delhi when the heat isn't oppressive, there are no monsoons and the pollution is low.

Some 35,000 runners signed up for this year's half marathon and the shorter races that were included. Organisers say more than one million people have signed up for races across India over the past year, and the popularity of the sport is increasing.

"Slowly the trend is rising," said Mr Baxi, the runner from Jodhpur. "No doubt India is on the back foot on health parameters, but slowly and surely it's picking up."

The cost of registration alone means that such events are restricted to wealthier residents of India, where more than 20 per cent of the 1.3 billion people live on less than $2 a day.

Mr Jones said he thinks endorsement from stars in the Bollywood film industry has helped give running a boost.

"It's become an appealing sport for aspiring people," he said.

Ethiopian runner Berhanu Legese won the men's division in 59 minutes, 46 seconds, while countrywoman Almaz Ayana won the women's race in 1:07:11.

But outside the running route, road closures seemed to worsen New Delhi's already chaotic traffic. Auto-rickshaws weaved down alleys and squeezed between belching buses as the city slowly got moving again.

This year's competitors were finished and dispersing, leaving New Delhi's bad air to the locals, inhaling it morning, noon and night.

Associated Press

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