Even an industry lobby group, the Philippine Tobacco Institute (PTI), said it supported the regulation and acknowledged the health objectives.
President Rodrigo Duterte this week signed an executive order delayed from last year due to corporate resistance. It sets strict guidelines on designated smoking areas.
Shares in LT Group, the Philippines’ top cigarette maker, fell as much as 4.4 per cent to a near one-month low following the news.
The law takes effect 60 days after its publication in a newspaper.
“This is a victory for us,” said Maricar Limpin, executive director of Action on Smoking and Health Philippines. “This [order] highlights the need to protect the people from the harsh exposure to second-hand smoke.”
The order imposes an “absolute ban” in schools, gas stations, hospitals, food preparation areas and stairwells, health officials said.
It also covers existing bans on the sale, distribution and purchase of tobacco products to and from minors and restrictions on cigarette advertisements and promotions.
Paulyn Rosell-Ubial, the nation’s Health Secretary, expressed optimism that the ban would encourage people to quit.
More than a million Filipinos quit smoking between 2010 and 2015, the biggest ever reduction in the world, she said.
“By 2020, when we do the next survey, we expect almost or even higher reduction in cigarette prevalence,” she told CNN Philippines.
Jojo Primivida, a 48-year-old courier driver and father of six, said he was ready to quit, aware of the tough regulations and penalties.
“I know I can do it. I’m a heavy smoker before, but now I smoke only after meals,” he said, puffing a Marlboro at a public area near his workplace.
Office worker Jobell Lisana said he has been smoking since school days but was willing to stop.
“Quitting is easier said than done, but I will probably stop because now there will be fines and penalties.”
The PTI lobby group said it agreed with the new rules.
“We have always supported regulation of public smoking as provided for under the national law including the designation of areas where smoking is allowed,” it said.
The group represents tobacco companies such as Philip Morris Philippines Manufacturing, Fortune Tobacco, British American Tobacco, JT International (Philippines), among others.
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