Speaking in a televised address to the nation, the French leader acknowledged the “anger and indignation” among the public was “deep, and in many ways legitimate”, but vowed “no indulgence” would be given to those behind the violence.
The beleaguered president spoke out after four weeks of protests, which started in neglected provinces to oppose fuel tax increases and progressed to rioting in the capital.
“We are at a historic moment for our country,” Mr Macron said as he responded to the protesters demands by promising a raft of new measures.
“We will respond to the economic and social urgency with strong measures, by cutting taxes more rapidly, by keeping our spending under control, but not with U-turns,” he added.
Under plans announced on Monday evening, the minimum wage will increase by €100 per month and taxes on overtime pay will be abolished from 1 January – several months ahead of schedule.
Mr Macron also said a tax hike pensioners faced would be scrapped as he tried to placate a growing number of protesters who present a increasing challenge to his authority. However, the former banker – who has been dubbed “the president of the rich” by his critics – refused to reinstate a controversial wealth tax on all those with assets of more than £1.1m.
The measures announced by Mr Macron to appease the protests will cost between €8bn to €10bn euros (£7.2bn to £9bn), a junior minister said after the president’s TV address.
“It’s between 8 to 10 billion euros,” Olivier Dussopt, junior minister for public accounts, said on BFM TV. “We are in the process of fine-tuning and to see how to finance it.”
After keeping public comments about the protests to a minimum, Mr Macron admitted that many people were unhappy with living conditions and felt they “had not been listened to”.
He promised that “all means” would be used to restore calm and, in a rare concession, acknowledged some of his remarks may have been ill-judged.
“I may have given the impression that it wasn’t my problem, that it wasn’t my priority. I may have hurt some of you with my words,” he said.
The French president opened his address by condemning the violence, telling viewers that ”no anger justifies attacking a gendarme, or a police officer”.
But, he conceded, “this anger is shared by many among us, by many French people”.
“Their distress doesn’t date from yesterday. We have ended up getting used to it,” he said.
“These are 40 years of malaise that have come to the surface. Without doubt we haven’t been able to provide a response that was strong or quick enough.”
It remains unclear whether Mr Macron’s remarks will placate the protesters, many of whom had said they would only be happy with the president’s resignation.
Before his TV speech, Mr Macron met with local and national politicians and with union and business leaders to hear their concerns – but with no representatives of the scattered, leaderless protest movement.
Small business representatives lamented the blow the demonstrations were dealing to retail and other companies at the height of the Christmas shopping season.
Finance minister Bruno Le Maire said new measures should focus on helping France’s working classes.
“We are ready to make any gesture” that works, he said on RTL radio. “What is important now is to put an end to the crisis and find peace and unity in the country again.”
Fallout from the protests so far could cost France 0.1 per cent of gross domestic product in the last quarter of the year, Mr Le Maire warned.
“That means fewer jobs, it means less prosperity for the whole country,” he said.
The yellow vest protests began in November against a rise in fuel taxes – which Mr Macron retreated from last week – but mushroomed into a plethora of sometimes contradictory demands. Lately, they have included Mr Macron’s resignation.
“Macron is there for the rich, not for all the French,” 68-year-old retiree Jean-Pierre Meunuer said at Saturday’s protest in Paris.
With the new demonstrations planned on Saturday, some police officers who spent multiple weekends on crowd and riot patrol are calling for their own tax-exempt overtime pay.
Key Paris tourist sites reopened on Sunday, including the Louvre museum and the Eiffel Tower, while workers cleaned up tons of debris from Saturday’s protests, which left widespread damage in the capital and elsewhere.
French media reported that 136,000 protesters took to the streets nationwide on Saturday.
Additional reporting by agencies
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