Rebuilding a Roman death trap: Ancient machine that carried animals into Rome's Colosseum reconstructed by archaeologists

Up to a million animals are estimated to have been killed by the Romans

David Hughes
Saturday 06 June 2015 16:15
Comments
Dancer Sonia Bracalenti performs after emerging from the reconstructed cage
Dancer Sonia Bracalenti performs after emerging from the reconstructed cage

It is a spectacle that has come to embody our perception of the Roman world and, in Gladiator, inspired a box-office smash that scooped a Best Picture Oscar.

Now, the thrilling, bloodthirsty history of gladiatorial combat has been brought to life after archaeologists reconstructed one of the ingenious machines that hoisted wild animals into the Colosseum in Rome.

The structure, unveiled on Friday in the huge, partially-ruined amphitheatre, features a sophisticated pulley-based lift and trapdoor system and would have been used to carry lions, leopards and bears to be slain in the ancient arena. Eight slaves would have been needed to operate each of the original lifts.

The machine features a sophisticated lift system
The arena's ancient tunnels guided the design process

Some 28 such machines were used in the Colosseum and the reconstructed version, which was based on ancient texts and clues gleaned from the tunnels in the amphitheatre, is capable of carrying animals weighing up to 300kg.

Rossella Rea, the current director of the Colosseum, told the International Business Times: "The number of lifts here was more than in any other Roman amphitheatre and Roman sources talk of 100 lions appearing together."

The reconstruction took 18 months, using authentic Roman materials, and was featured in the PBS documentary Colosseum: Roman Death Trap. In the film, the machine was shown in action hoisting a wolf into the arena.

The reconstruction can lift animals weighing up to 300kg
Eight slaves would have been needed to operate the lift

The documentary’s American director, Gary Glassman, said: "It was the first time that a wild animal had been released into the Colosseum in 1,500 years.

"I would love to have used a lion, but there were obvious safety issues involved. In the end we chose a wolf because it is the symbol of Rome."

The venationes, the practice of hunting and slaying wild animals from the far reaches of the Roman empire in the amphitheatre, was a key part of the tradition of gladiatorial combat, with a venation usually preceding an afternoon of gladiatorial duels.

The inauguration games in 81AD featured the slaughtering of a reported 9,000 animals, with a million estimated to have been killed in total. A venation is last recorded as having taken place at Rome’s Colosseum in 523AD by the Roman senator Anicius Maximus.

Register for free to continue reading

Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism

By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists

Already have an account? sign in

By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Join our new commenting forum

Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies

Comments

Thank you for registering

Please refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site to be automatically logged inPlease refresh your browser to be logged in