Divers find wreck of 400-year-old Dutch trading ship in Baltic Sea

Ship found in near-perfect condition 

Brodie Owen
Wednesday 16 September 2020 19:31 BST
Diving Team discovers rare wreck of Dutch 17th Century merchantman

Finnish divers have accidentally discovered what is believed to be a 400-year-old Dutch trading ship at the bottom of the Baltic Sea.

The vessel, known as a fluit, was found in near-perfect condition about 85 metres below the surface.

Divers made the surprise discovery while scouring waters off Finland for sunken First and Second World War battleships.  

The 17th-century ship carried no guns and had a deep hull design so it could store more cargo.  

The ships were advanced compared to other vessels at the time.

They featured a well-designed pulley system and required a much smaller crew, making trade more profitable.

The nonprofit Badewanne diving team said the vessel was most likely used by the Dutch empire, which had control of the trade route in the Baltic Sea at that time.

The team said the ship only had limited damage to the bow from a trawler.

Conditions in the Baltic Sea were conducive to preserving the wreck down the centuries

“It is only in rare places around the world, including the Baltic Sea, where wooden wrecks can survive for centuries without being destroyed by chemical, biochemical and biological processes,” they wrote.

“Due to low salinity, absolute darkness, and very low temperatures all year round these processes are very slow in the Baltic.

“Perhaps most importantly, wood boring organisms such as shipworm cannot live in such an environment.  

“Even in temperate seas, all wooden wrecks vanish in decades, unless buried in sediments.”

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