The gay community has recently celebrated the legalisation of same-sex marriage in the US and Ireland.
And while these remain significant breakthroughs in gay rights, across the world the battle for equality remains as stark as ever.
Homosexuality remains illegal in 75 countries - of which five are prepared to sentence gay people to death; just for the sexual orientation.
In a report published last month, the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association published their inquiry into the state of LBGT rights globally last month, revealing that in many countries people still face persecution on the basis of the sexual preferences.
Click through the gallery below that outlines some of the punishments gay people face.
Mauritania, Sudan, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Yemen officially legislate against LGBT individuals, enacting the death penalty if these people are found.
Additionally, countries such as Nigeria, Somalia and Iraq are not consistent in their treatment: although not constitutionally bound, some states in Nigeria and Somalia still execute gay individuals for their orientation, and parts of Iraq – controlled by Isis – also do.
Four countries – Algeria, Lithuania, Nigeria and Russia – have all elected to criminalise the ‘propaganda of homosexuality’.
Join our commenting forum
Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies