She is the Belarusian sprinter who refused to board a plane back to her home country saying she feared arrest upon her return.
Timanovskaya, 24, was set to run in the 200m at the Olympics but said that she was being forced to go home after criticising team officials for entering her into the 4x400m relay behind her back.
Team officials then went to the Olympic Village on Sunday and ordered her to pack her belongings and go to the airport.
She had been due to leave Tokyo on a 10.50pm flight to Istanbul, but when she arrived at Haneda international airport she approached Japanese police and asked to apply for political asylum.
“I am afraid that I might be jailed in Belarus,” Timanovskaya told Belarusian sports news site Tribuna.
“I am not afraid of being fired or kicked out of the national team. I’m concerned about my safety.
“And I think that at the moment it is not safe for me in Belarus. I didn’t do anything, but they deprived me of the right to participate in the 200 metre race and wanted to send me home.”
Her husband, Arseni Zdanevich, also left Belarus and entered Ukraine, officials have confirmed.
Japanese officials removed Timanovskaya from the airport and she spent the night at an airport hotel, under their protection.
She was then seen entering the Polish embassy in Tokyo on Monday.
Poland’s Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, Marcin Przydacz, took to Twitter to announce that she had been granted a visa.
“Poland will do whatever is necessary to help her to continue her sporting career. (Poland) always stands for solidarity,” he tweeted.
He later said that the athlete would travel to Poland in the coming days.
“According to her decision, that’s what our consul heard in Tokyo, she’s planning to come to Poland in days to come to be here in Warsaw. And if she would like... she is free to pursue her sporting career in Poland,” said Mr Przydacz.
Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko declared himself the winner of a sixth term in office last August and has cracked down on political opponents.
In June Belarus authorities diverted an international flight in their airspace so they could arrest opposition journalist Roman Protasevich.
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