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15 changed over so far, but many more could follow, says Lord Adonis

Cricket: Classy Cullinan

DARYLL CULLINAN and Jacques Kallis made good South African captain Hansie Cronje's promise of no compromise to the bowed and beaten West Indies with a commanding, unbeaten third-wicket partnership of 208 on the first day of the fourth Test yesterday.

Tax breaks for R&D to be unveiled

Tax breaks for R&D to be unveiled

The knowledge-based economy: The making of a White Paper

May 1997: Margaret Beckett transfers back to the DTI the competitiveness team that had been at the Cabinet Office under Michael Heseltine. "We knew competitiveness had to be at the heart of our policy," says Dan Corry, Peter Mandelson's special adviser. "Without strong business and a strong economy, government cannot achieve what we want for the UK."

Secretarial: It doesn't have to hurt

Staff and bosses find them painful, but an appraisal can be tolerable.

Food, glorious food

Farmers' markets are springing up around the country selling top- quality produce direct to the public. The supermarkets should be worried.

Music: They're all out of All Saints

Industry bigwigs may have cold-shouldered Sound City but it was a triumph for the indies

Exchanges reveal alliance details

MEMBERS OF the London and Frankfurt stock exchanges will have direct access to the order books of both markets under phase one of the alliance between them which comes into effect on 4 January. Details of phase one were outlined at a seminar in the City yesterday.

Phrenological Notes: Brain analysis and bumps on the head

IF YOU place a finger on the nape of your neck then edge it up you will come across a bump formed by the base of your skull. According to Franz Gall, the founder of phrenology, this particular protuberance marks the location of the "Organ of Amativeness" - "the faculty that gives rise to the sexual feeling". An inch or so up is the "Organ of Combativeness".

Real living: Love changes everything

Several 'experts' claim they've found the secret of happiness. The answer is blindingly simple, says Hester Lacey

Letter: Rotten role models

WHAT A perceptive analysis by Theodore Dalrymple of Will Carling's relationships. Based on more than 30 years in industry, I feel that certain parallels can be drawn with the activities of some of those who form the audience at Mr Carling's business seminars.

Letter: Jews by choice

Sir: Along with so many others you are over-pessimistic about the future of British Jewry ("We must redefine Jewishness", 28 September).

FOCUS: WHERE THERE'S NO WILL...

The hero of Middle England has more in common with members of the underclass on whom so many of society's ills are blamed

Shopping: Check It Out Fortnum & Mason

IF BLACK pudding and rhubarb are your thing, then Fortnum and Mason is your place. For Lancastrian and Michelin-starred chef, Paul Heathcote, will shortly be there to promote such Northern "delicacies" and sign his new, aptly-named book Paul Heathcote's Rhubarb & Black Pudding.

Poetic Licence: Sperm Wail

A worldwide study of the male sperm count has been launched. Recent research indicates that global sperm counts have halved in the past 50 years

Czech exile in dialogue over Plato

The Independent Archive: 20 August 1988 Dr Julius Tomin argues that he is being discriminated against for his unorthodox philosophical views. Simon Midgley reports
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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
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Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project