The Bechdel Test is a far from perfect measurement of the accuracy and integrity of gender portrayal, as Alison Bechdel herself has admitted, but it’s one that has firmly stuck in film parlance and criticism.
Back in November there was a mini-furore over The Force Awakens director JJ Abrams very innocently noting that the original trilogy was marketed towards boys, and his comments were taken out of context and impaled in some really dumb think pieces.
Because of this, interest in the film’s women was even more heightened.
The good news is, the film easily passes the test (which requires there to be at least two women who talk to each other about something other than a man), and Abrams and screenwriter Lawrence Kasdan have clearly been very careful to do so.
Let’s take a look at the film’s four main female characters (slight spoilers ahead):
Rey (Daisy Ridley) is the film’s heroine, and that’s not to suggest she comes in addition to a hero. Finn (John Boyega) is definitely the deuteragonist here, and in pretty much every sticky situation the pair find themselves in, it is Rey who comes to Finn’s aid. Her character isn’t sexualised, she is strong, independent and adept at technology and flying ships.
The film plays for laughs a moment in which Finn rushes to her aid only to realise she can fight off male attackers herself and is probably more dangerous than him, and another where he grabs her hand to help her flee and she quickly snaps at him.
A clear attempt to correct the ghost of slave bikinis past, Leia (Carrie Fisher) is now the general of The Resistance, co-ordinating their attacks.
She, again, is very independent, having split from Han Solo and gone on to be more successful than him.
We don’t see much of her in the first film, but Gwendoline Christie’s towering and menacing Stormtrooper chief is a fairly unprecedented character.
When a Facebook commenter suggested that it’s “really hard to tell that that’s female armour”, Star Wars’ official account replied: “It’s armor. On a woman. It doesn’t have to look feminine.”
When Lupito N’yongo’s casting was announced, you might have guessed that, given her beauty and Hollywood’s track record, she would be playing some sort of sexy villain in slender clothing but no, she provided motion capture for alien Maz, who is basically the sequel’s equivalent of Yoda - old, gnarled, incredibly wise and revered and, like all of the above, not just there to talk about men.
I liked the film a lot (if you fancy reading my review it's here) and it definitely contains infinitely more positive female role models than the original trilogy and prequels. If anything, The Force Awakens strains to show you how progressive it is, shoehorning in examples of Rey resisting Finn’s troglodytic urge to protect her at every possible opportunity.
Yes, there was an extraordinary amount of white dudes involved in the making of the film and Fisher was reportedly asked to lose weight for it, but on screen at least, all is pretty equal.
Disney clearly did something rare for a studio and listened to the fans with this film, which recognises both the appetite for a movie that has the same feel as the original trilogy, and contains female characters that, while from another planet, feel more close to home than those in a lot of other action/adventure films that pummel the box office.
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