Stay up to date with notifications from The Independent

Notifications can be managed in browser preferences.

In pictures: India celebrates Holi festival of colour

People seen rejoicing on the streets of India with colours

Alisha Rahaman Sarkar
Monday 25 March 2024 10:59 GMT
What is Holi?: The Hindu festival of colours

Millions of people in northern and central parts of India on Monday celebrated the Hindu festival of colours, which marks the beginning of spring.

Holi is celebrated at the end of winter, on the last full moon day of the Hindu luni-solar calendar month of Falgun.

Hindus in the country and abroad usher in the new season with festivities including bright colours, sweets and by offering prayers to their revered gods.

People smeared with ‘Gulal’ as they celebrate Holi, the Hindu spring festival of colours, in Hyderabad (AFP via Getty Images)

People drenched in water were seen smearing colours on each other's faces, singing and dancing to the beat of drums on the streets.

The festival is typically marked with either family or community-based parties but it is not uncommon for strangers to also throw colour and water balloons at each other in the street. This has led to rising concerns over women’s safety during the festival, where women have complained about being harassed and groped by men under the pretext of applying colours. A Times of India survey of 111 women in 2021 found that one in three had experienced such harassment at Holi.

A Hindu man sprays coloured powder as people celebrate Holi, the Hindu festival of colors, in Jammu, India (AP)

In addition to marking the arrival of spring, Holi also celebrates fertility, colour, love, and the triumph of good over evil.

The origins of the festival can be found in various legends in Hindu mythology, one of which tells the story of a demon, Holika, and her brother, King Hiranyakashipu.

Women, with their faces smeared with coloured powder, pose for a photograph as they celebrate Holi, the festival of colors, in Kolkata, India (AP)
People covered with colored powder take part in the Holi festival celebrations in Bangalore (EPA)

The King Hiranyakashipu believed that everyone should worship him as a god but his son, Prahlada, refused to do so, opting to worship the Hindu god Vishnu instead.

The king and his sister Holika plotted to kill Prahlada and lured him onto a pyre in an attempt to burn him to death. However, Prahlada survived and Holika perished in the flames instead.

Boys with their faces painted in silver ride a motorbike during Holi celebrations in Mumbai (REUTERS)

The night before Holi is celebrated by lighting bonfires to signify the burning of Holika and the victory of good over evil. Some Hindus who observe the festival will also smear themselves with ashes from the fire, as a symbol of purification.

Other legends tell the tale of the love shared between the Hindu deities Radha and Krishna, who is frequently depicted with blue skin.

Hindu devotees walk around a bonfire during a ritual known as “Holika Dahan” which is part of the Holi festival celebrations on the outskirts of Ahmedabad (REUTERS)

The ancient legend tells how Krishna fell in love with Radha, but was concerned their difference in skin colour would keep them apart. After voicing his concerns, Krishna's mother encouraged him to smear a brightly coloured powder on Radha's face.

In parts of the northern state of Uttar Pradesh – home to the mythology of Radha and Krisha – Holi lasts for nearly 10 days.

In Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, a two-day Masaan (crematorium) Holi on the banks of the Ganges river draws thousands of people from across the country and beyond.

Hindu devotees gather at the Manikarnika Ghat as they take part in the 'Masaan or Bhasma' Holi, celebrated with ashes of funeral pyres, in Varanasi (AFP via Getty Images)

Here devotees and hermits smear the ashes from funeral pyres on each other's face in celebration of death and the Hindu god, Shiva.

The oldest accounts of Holi being commemorated date as far back as the 4th century. It’s celebrated around the world, although the festivities predominantly occur among communities from India and Nepal.

Join our commenting forum

Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies


Thank you for registering

Please refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site to be automatically logged inPlease refresh your browser to be logged in