The male chief executives of the UK’s biggest publicly listed firms earn on average 77 per cent more than their female counterparts, new research has found, adding fuel to the raging debate about gender inequality in senior pay.
Male FTSE 100 chief executives earned an average of £4.7m in 2016 compared with the £2.6m average for female bosses, according to a report by the High Pay Centre and the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
The report also draws attention to a considerable gender imbalance among bosses of the largest public companies, with 94 male chief executives last year versus just six females.
“As a FTSE 100 CEO it is more likely that your name is David than you being a female,” the report notes, pointing out that there are eight bosses with that particular first name.
Last September Emma Walmsley was announced as the new CEO of the pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline, making her the seventh FTSE 100 female boss, but she did not take up her position until this year and so is not included in the pay report.
The report comes in the wake of revelations of a large disparity between male and female pay among the BBC’s stars.
The highest paid female CEO is Alison Cooper of the tobacco giant Imperial Brands, who was awarded £5.5m in 2016, up from £3.6m in 2015.
Liv Garfield of the privatised water company Severn Trent was the next highest female earner, with £2.4m, up from £2m in the previous year.
Carolyn McCall of easyJet, Alison Brittain of Whitbread and Moya Greene of the Royal Mail were all on around £1.5m.
The top 10 highest-paid FTSE 100 CEOs were all male, stretching from Sir Martin Sorrell of the advertising conglomerate WPP with £48m in 2016 to Ben van Beurden of Shell who collected £6.9m.
“Sadly it’s no surprise to see these figures, it’s part of a consistent pattern across our economy that sees women excluded from the top jobs and paid less when they get them,” said Jemima Olchawski, the head of policy at the Fawcett Society.
“While the women on this list are extremely well paid, this huge pay gap is simply unacceptable and is indicative of the wider ways in which women are undervalued in the workplace.”
The report noted some advance in the representation of women on remuneration committees, the company sub-boards that decide how much salary to pay their CEOs and what bonus targets to set.
There were 148 of them in 2016, 8 per cent higher than in 2015, which the report said was likely attributable to the high-profile Government-sponsored push to increase the representation of women on top company boards.
But it also noted that most of these women were in non-executive positions and that there were just 30 female executive directors across the FTSE 100 in 2016. Further, 77 of them of have no female executive directors at all.
The report found that the mean average pay of all FTSE 100 directors actually declined in 2016 to £4.5m, by 17 per cent from the £5.4m average in 2016.
But this was, in part, due to some major outlying shifts. Sir Martin Sorrell’s £48m compensation package was down from a record £70m the previous year.
And the average FTSE 100 boss was still paid 129 times the salary of the average FTSE 100 employee last year. That compares with an estimated boss-to-worker multiple of 45 times only 20 years ago.
According to the Office for National Statistics, the average gender pay gap for all UK employees in 2016 was 18.1 per cent, down from 26 per cent at the turn of the Millennium.
But women remain severely under-represented in more senior and higher-paying jobs.
Journalists at the Financial Times are threatening to strike over the 13 per cent gender pay gap at the media group, which is the biggest shortfall in a decade.
From this year, any organisation that has 250 or more employees must publish and report specific figures about their gender pay gap.
THE FULL LIST
|COMPANY||CEO||Single Figure FYE 2016 CEO (£000)|
|WPP||Martin Sorrell||£ 48,148.00|
|CARNIVAL||Arnold Donald||£ 22,359.07|
|RECKITT BENCKISER GROUP PLC||Rakesh Kapoor||£ 14,609.11|
|ASTRAZENECA PLC||Pascal Soriot||£ 13,389.00|
|RELX||Erik Engstrom||£ 10,563.00|
|BP PLC||Bob Dudley||£ 8,399.20|
|CRH PLC||Albert Manifold||£ 8,045.30|
|BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO||Nicandro Durante||£ 7,630.00|
|SHIRE PLC||Flemming Ornskov||£ 7,503.90|
|ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC||Ben Van Beurden||£ 6,925.10|
|PRUDENTIAL PLC||Mike Wells||£ 6,895.00|
|GLAXOSMITHKLINE PLC||Andrew Witty||£ 6,830.00|
|UNILEVER PLC||Paul Polman||£ 6,745.38|
|PROVIDENT FINANCIAL||Peter Crook||£ 6,315.00|
|SCHRODERS PLC||Peter Harrison||£ 6,293.00|
|COMPASS GROUP PLC||Richard Cousins||£ 5,822.00|
|3i GROUP PLC||Simon Borrows||£ 5,821.00|
|LONDON STOCK EXCH |
|Xavier Rolet||£ 5,711.00|
|HSBC HLDGS PLC||Stuart Gulliver||£ 5,675.00|
|LLOYDS GROUP||Antonio Horta Osorio||£ 5,541.00|
|IMP.BRANDS||Alison Cooper||£ 5,537.00|
|INTERTEK||André Lacroix||£ 5,422.00|
|BT GROUP PLC||Gavin Patterson||£ 5,396.00|
|RENTOKIL INITL.||Andy Ransom||£ 5,336.00|
|LEGAL & GENERAL GROUP PLC||Nigel Wilson||£ 5,287.00|
|VODAFONE GROUP PLC||Vittorio Colao||£ 5,270.00|
|NATIONAL GRID PLC||Steve Holliday |
(John Pettigrew took over on 1/4/16)
|NEXT PLC||Lord Simon Wolfson||£ 4,764.00|
|SKY PLC||Jeremy Darroch||£ 4,745.20|
|TESCO PLC||Dave Lewis||£ 4,632.00|
|BUNZL PLC||Frank van Zanten |
(from Feb 2016)
|HIKMA||Said Darwazah||£ 4,584.02|
|RANDGOLD RESOURCES LTD||Mark Bristow||£ 4,554.58|
|MONDI||David Hathorn||£ 4,373.28|
|AVIVA PLC||Mark Wilson||£ 4,352.00|
|RSA INSURANCE||Stephen Hester||£ 4,325.00|
|BARCLAYS PLC||Jes Staley||£ 4,233.00|
|CENTRICA PLC||Iain Conn||£ 4,151.00|
|DIAGEO PLC||Ivan Menezes||£ 4,083.00|
|DIRECT LINE PLC||Paul Geddes||£ 4,066.00|
|RIO TINTO GROUP (GBP)||Jean-Sébastien Jacques |
(+Sam Walsh ex-CEO still being paid)
|ANGLO AMERICAN PLC||Mark Cutifani||£ 3,992.00|
|TAYLOR WIMPEY PLC||Pete Redfern||£ 3,764.00|
|BRITISH LAND CO PLC||Chris Grigg||£ 3,709.00|
|PADDY POWER BETFAIR||Andy Mccue (to 2 Feb) |
+ Breon Corcoran
|EXPERIAN PLC||Brian Cassin||£ 3,592.00|
|TUI GROUP||Friedrich Joussen||£ 3,526.13|
|ROYAL BANK OF SCOTLAND||Ross McEwan||£ 3,493.00|
|BAE SYSTEMS||Ian King||£ 3,463.00|
|INTERCONTINENTAL HOTELS||Richard Solomons||£ 3,450.00|
|ITV||Adam Crozier||£ 3,443.00|
|STANDARD CHARTERED PLC||Bill Winters||£ 3,392.00|
|BARRATT HOMES plc||David Thomas||£ 3,320.00|
|INFORMA||Stephen Carter||£ 3,291.48|
|DCC||Tommy Breen||£ 3,242.54|
|ASSOCIATED BRITISH FOODS PLC||George Weston||£ 3,133.00|
|ASHTEAD GROUP PLC||Geoffrey Drabble||£ 3,115.00|
|WHITBREAD PLC||Alison Brittain (from Dec 7 ) |
and Andy Harrison (pre Dec 7)
|SMITHS GROUP PLC||Andy Reynolds Smith||£ 2,964.00|
|UNITED UTILITIES GROUP PLC||Steve Mogford||£ 2,830.00|
|SAINSBURY (J) PLC||Mike Coupe||£ 2,802.00|
|STANDARD LIFE||Keith Skeoch||£ 2,746.00|
|HAMMERSON||David Atkins||£ 2,624.00|
|WORLDPAY||Philip Jansen||£ 2,604.78|
|ST JAMES’S PLACE PLC||David Bellamy||£ 2,523.51|
|BABCOCK INTERNATIONAL |
|Peter Rogers||£ 2,491.00|
|OLD MUTUAL||Bruce Hemphill||£ 2,480.00|
|INTERNATIONAL CONSOLIDATED AIRLINES GROUP SA||Willie Walsh||£ 2,462.00|
|SEVERN TRENT PLC||Liv Garfield||£ 2,433.20|
|SMITH & NEPHEW PLC||Olivier Bohuon||£ 2,414.33|
|MEDICLINIC||Danie Meintjes||£ 2,356.80|
|COCA-COLA HBC AG||Dimitris Lois||£ 2,355.65|
|MORRISON (WM) |
|David Potts |
(from 16 March 2015)
|CRODA INTL.||Steve Foots||£ 2,281.09|
|PERSIMMON PLC||Jeff Fairburn||£ 2,123.69|
|ROLLS-ROYCE HOLDINGS PLC||Warren East||£ 2,089.00|
|HARGREAVES LANSDOWN PLC||Ian Gorham||£ 2,071.00|
|LAND SECURITIES GROUP PLC||Robert Noel||£ 2,045.00|
|MARKS & SPENCER GROUP PLC||Marc Bolland||£ 2,039.00|
|SMURFIT KAP.||Tom Smurfit||£ 1,939.80|
|MERLIN||Nick Varney||£ 1,925.00|
|BURBERRY GROUP PLC||Christopher Bailey||£ 1,894.00|
|GKN PLC||Nigel Stein||£ 1,813.00|
|INTU PROPERTIES||David Fischel||£ 1,795.00|
|WOLSELEY PLC||John Martin |
(Ian Meakins in previous FY)
|CONVATEC||Paul Moraviec||£ 1,749.00|
|KINGFISHER PLC||Veronique Laury||£ 1,731.70|
|SAGE GROUP PLC||Stephen Kelly||£ 1,711.00|
|SSE PLC||Alistair Phillips-Davies||£ 1,696.00|
|ANTOFAGASTA||Iván Arriagada||£ 1,646.70|
|Royal Mail PLC||Moya Greene||£ 1,529.00|
|PEARSON PLC||John Fallon||£ 1,518.00|
|BHP BILLITON PLC||Andrew Mackenzie||£ 1,499.33|
|EASYJET PLC||Carolyn McCall||£ 1,465.00|
|JOHNSON MATTHEY PLC||Robert Macleod||£ 1,367.00|
|MICRO FOCUS||Stephen Murdoch||£ 1,097.00|
|GLENCORE||Ivan Glasenberg||£ 1,096.59|
|FRESNILLO||Octavio Alvidrez||£ 807.36|
|ADMIRAL GROUP PLC||Henry Engelhardt to 13 May 2016 |
/ David Stevens from 13 May 2016
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