Covid vaccination can add an extra day to a woman’s menstrual cycle, according to a study.
The increase was found to be in the time between menstrual bleeding, not the bleeding itself.
Scientists tracked nearly 4,000 US women through six menstrual cycles and, on average, the period after a jab started about a day later than usual.
Results varied depending on which dose they had received. The first dose saw an average 0.71-day cycle increase in cycle length and the second dose an average 0.91-day increase.
Dr Alison Edelman, a researcher at Oregon Health and Science University who led the study, said the results were “incredibly reassuring” as the change was only small and temporary.
She said further research would be needed to determine whether vaccines can influence other aspects of menstruation like pain, mood changes, and the heaviness of flow.
Some women have reported irregular periods or other menstrual changes after their receiving a jab. The NIH is funding studies to examine if is a link.
Scientists analysed data from a fertility tracking app called Natural Cycles. Users are required to input data on their temperature and menstrual cycles and can consent to the use of their de-identified data for research.
Vaccinated women were tracked for three cycles before getting a jab and three cycles after. Their results were compared to unvaccinated women whose data was also collected for six cycles.
The study, published on Wednesday in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology also looked at 358 women who got both vaccine doses in the same menstrual cycle. These women saw a slightly larger change to their next cycle length, on average two days.
But around 10 per cent of them had a change of eight days or more. All subsequently returned to normal ranges.
Dr Diana Bianchi, director of the NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, said: “These results provide, for the first time, an opportunity to counsel women about what to expect from Covid-19 vaccination so they can plan accordingly.”
Agencies contributed to this report
Register for free to continue reading
Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism
By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists
Already have an account? sign in