United Nations human rights envoy Yanghee Lee has arrived in Burma on a 12-day visit amid growing concern about reports of abuse of members of the Rohingya Muslim minority in a government security crackdown.
Attackers killed nine police officers on 9 October in a coordinated assault on posts near Burma’s border with Bangladesh. Authorities say members of the Rohingya minority carried out the attacks and launched a security sweep.
Since then, at least 86 people have been killed and the UN says about 34,000 civilians have fled across the border to Bangladesh.
Residents and refugees accuse the military of killing, raping and arbitrarily detaining civilians while burning villages in northwestern Rakhine State.
The government, led by Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, denies the accusations and insists a lawful counter-insurgency operation is underway.
Lee would visit the north of Rakhine State, where the military operation is taking place, the commercial hub Yangon, the capital Naypyidaw and Kachin State in the north, where government forces are battling autonomy-seeking ethnic Kachin guerrillas, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights said in a statement.
“The events of the last few months have shown that the international community must remain vigilant in monitoring the human rights situation [in Burma],” Lee, the UN special rapporteur on human rights in Burma, said in the statement.
Suu Kyi, a former political prisoner and champion of democracy in then military-ruled Burma, came to power in April after a landslide election win, installing her confidant, Htin Kyaw, as president.
However, increasing violence in border regions has raised questions about Suu Kyi's commitment to human rights and ability to rein in the military, which retains a major political role.
The government has restricted aid to northern Rakhine State, where most people are Rohingya Muslims denied citizenship in Burma, and prevented independent journalists from visiting.
Muslim-majority Malaysia and Indonesia, which has the world’s biggest Muslim population, have both raised concern over the Rakhine crisis, which security officials believe is attracting the attention of international militant groups.
Lee will also investigate the impact on civilians of intensified fighting between the army and rebels in Kachin and Shan states, which she said “is causing some disquiet regarding the direction that the new government is taking in its first year of administration”.
Aye Win, UN spokesman in Burma, said Lee had arrived in Burma late on Sunday and was due to fly to the Kachin State capital of Myitkyina on Monday.
Presidential spokesman Zaw Htay said the government would provide Lee with security to visit conflict areas.
Zaw Htay also said a Burmese government delegation would visit Bangladesh on 11-13 January to discuss the situation on the border.
The neighbours’ relations have been tested by the stream of new refugees entering Bangladesh and by reports that Burma’s navy has shot at Bangladeshi fishermen.
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