Avalanche training could save your life
Avalanche training could save your life

How to survive an avalanche on a ski holiday

Why going off-piste doesn’t have to spell disaster for powder hounds

Matt Carroll
Friday 15 December 2017 12:32

What would happen if the snow started to slide right now? My fingers fumbling nervously with the straps on my bindings as I sit on a narrow ridge high above Verbier, I stare down into yet another couloir with the same old question hanging in the air.

In the 17 years since I learnt to snowboard, I’ve developed quite the powder habit, eschewing pistes in favour of the steepest, deepest snow I can find. From the fabled chutes of Jackson Hole in Wyoming to the Himalayan fantasy land of Gulmarg in Kashmir, there’s been little I wouldn’t do for a chance to stray off the beaten track. But at the back of my mind, there’s always the same nagging doubt about what I would do if caught in an avalanche.

I’ve tried my best to ignore it, swaddling myself in the collective safety blanket of a local guide and the requisite shovel, probe and transceiver. But as we saw in February, when a tragic slide in Tignes killed three members of the same French family along with their guide, this is simply not enough to guarantee your safety.

With this in mind I signed myself up for an avalanche-awareness course while in Verbier, in a bid to find out how to properly judge snow conditions and avoid risky scenarios.

“Most avalanche training courses are focused on how to find people once they’re buried and how to dig them out; but by then it’s often too late to save someone,” says our instructor, Dominique Perret, in his sobering opening address. “Instead we focus on prevention, so you avoid getting into a dangerous situation in the first place.”

When it comes to advice on staying safe in the mountains, 54-year-old Perret is someone you can trust. Regarded by fellow professionals as one of the best free-skiers the world has ever produced – even winning the Best Freeride Skier of the Century at the Board Awards back in 2000 – he has spent the last 25 years conquering mountains that were previously regarded by locals as “unskiable”. While friends and colleagues have perished along the way, Perret has never been caught in an avalanche himself – something he puts down to more than just luck.

“There are some simple steps you can take that allow you to read the mountain,” he continues. “For example, looking at the steepness of the terrain, the condition of the snow, the direction of the wind… All these things will give you information about the avalanche risk. If you’ve any doubt whatsoever, you should avoid it – it’s just not worth it.”

The idea for the International Snow Training Academy (ISTA) courses came to Perret while on a diving trip abroad. “I was doing a PADI course at the time, and I thought ‘this is exactly what we need for snowsports – a universal safety awareness programme’.”

There’s only 15 minutes to dig someone out of the snow

After years spent garnering input from experts in meteorology and snow science, the ISTA is now being implemented in resorts throughout Europe and North America.

While this all sounds good in theory, how would it actually translate to being on the mountain? After an initial classroom briefing, Perret herds us onto the Medran gondola so we could start putting his words into practice.

The ISTA breaks avalanche procedure down into three basic elements – before, during and after (BDA) – each of which is then dealt with via bite-sized modules. Throughout the day we find ourselves whipping through the snazzily-designed course booklet at a satisfying rate of knots.

Indeed, even before lunchtime we learnt some invaluable pointers – including how to judge the steepness of the terrain using ski poles, an easy technique for assessing wind and weather conditions and a quick and effective way of determining the snow-pack quality. According to Perret, these simple steps alone will give you a good indication of the avalanche risk.

The afternoon, meanwhile, focuses on what to do if you somehow miss all the signs and disaster strikes.

Dominique Perret (left) is a world-class freerider

Having slashed our way through some satisfying powder, Dominique shows us how to use our transceivers to find someone buried in the snow. Once we are confident that we’ve reached our buried “comrade” (in this case another transceiver), it’s time to ascertain how deeply submerged they are, using our probes. “You’ll know when you’re poking someone’s body; it feels very different to a rock,” Perret notes grimly, as we prod the snow.

Now comes the crucial bit: Digging. Here, too, the emphasis is on being simple and systematic. Armed with shovels, everyone forms an arrow shape with one person at the front funnelling snow towards the back of the group; when they run out of steam, we quickly rotate.

In a real-life situation, these moments can mean the difference between life and death, with 15 minutes typically being all you have to get the victim out alive. From then on, the chances of survival drop through the floor – something we are aware of as we run out of puff just a couple of minutes in. Thankfully, on this occasion we “rescue” the transceiver in time.

With the sun now sinking behind distant peaks, it’s time to head back. Despite only being under Perret’s wing for one day, the knowledge I gleaned changed my whole perception of the mountain – and it’s something that will hopefully help keep me safe for the rest of my life.

Travel essentials

Getting there

easyJet (easyJet.com) offers return flights from London Gatwick to Geneva, from £47; flights also available from Heathrow to Geneva with SWISS (swiss.com) from £87 return.

Staying there

Hotel La Rotonde (0041 27 771 65 25; hotelrotonde.com) offers doubles from £192.

More information

The one-day Discovery course with ISTA (ista-education.com) costs 229 Swiss francs (£173); includes training booklet and certificate. Excludes cost of instructor, which can be spread as a group.


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