‘More than 50,000 babies’ stolen from Spanish mothers under Franco era laws

‘The pain is permanent and continuous,’ says one of the mothers affected, Ruth Puertas

Protestors demanding justice for the stolen babies’ scandal
Protestors demanding justice for the stolen babies’ scandal
Leer en Español

Spain is failing to help families trying to trace babies stolen from their mothers, says Amnesty International, which uncovered at least 50,000 cases of infants removed without their consent.

The human rights group says relatives trying to find their missing loved ones are being offered “insufficient and inadequate” resources despite a scandal which has haunted Spain for decades.

In a report published on Tuesday, Amnesty documents show that after the Spanish civil war between 1936-1939, some minors who were repatriated from exile abroad were given to families judged to be more suitable by the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco.

Others were taken away from their mothers by the authorities because they were in prison, not married or were thought to be left-wing.

According to Amnesty, even after the death of Franco in 1975, the state took little interest or care to stop a culture of stealing babies by doctors, priests or nuns, a practice which carried on long after the dictatorship.

Read more:

Over a 50-year period from the civil war to the early 1990s, thousands of children were systematically taken from their real families, says the report, but no legal action has been taken against those responsible for these violations of human rights, Amnesty says.

Spain’s left-wing government must launch an international search for these missing children who may now be scattered across the globe, the civil rights group says.

Prosecutors should re-open scores of criminal cases which have been shelved because the statute of limitations has expired or due to lack of evidence, the report says.

Amnesty says Spain must ensure the draft Stolen Babies Law, which is currently going through parliament, finds justice for relatives of those who were stolen as infants.

Ruth Puertas gave birth to her son in 1993 at a private clinic in Bilbao in northwestern Spain but was told by medical staff he was dead.

Refusing to believe doctors and nurses, she secured a judge’s order to exhume the body – only to find no remains of a baby in the coffin.

“I saw my son after I gave birth to him so I know he was alive. The pain is permanent and continuous. You say that when there is a death in the family you never forget and you get over it. But I have not got over it,” she toldThe Independent.

Investigators found 51,266 cases of children who wereremoved from their real families between 1937 and 1954 under laws passed during the dictatorship.

In the years afterwards, thousands more children were believed to be taken by doctors, nurses or even priests.

State prosecutors investigated 2,138 claims of stolen children between 2011 and 2021, according to the report but only one remains open. Of these, 526 were prosecuted but all the cases were dropped.

“We have documented cases in which there are indications that the three elements established by international law exist to consider that we can speak of enforced disappearance: first, the abduction of the baby, second with the tolerance or acquiescence of the State and third the refusal of the authorities to reveal the fate of the disappeared person,” said Daniel Canales, an Amnesty International investigator.

Ruth Puertas, whose baby son was stolen in 1993

The stolen babies scandal remained in the shadows until two men went public with their story in 2011.

Antonio Barroso and Juan Luis Moreno revealed they had been bought by their respective fathers from a priest in Zaragoza, easternSpain.

In 2018, Spain’s left-wing government approved a parliamentary commission to help families who believe their loved ones were stolen.

A DNA bank was set up to make it easier for relativesto trace family members.

In January, the state prosecutor began an investigation into 56 cases of stolen babies.

Register for free to continue reading

Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism

By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists

Please enter a valid email
Please enter a valid email
Must be at least 6 characters, include an upper and lower case character and a number
Must be at least 6 characters, include an upper and lower case character and a number
Must be at least 6 characters, include an upper and lower case character and a number
Please enter your first name
Special characters aren’t allowed
Please enter a name between 1 and 40 characters
Please enter your last name
Special characters aren’t allowed
Please enter a name between 1 and 40 characters
You must be over 18 years old to register
You must be over 18 years old to register
Opt-out-policy
You can opt-out at any time by signing in to your account to manage your preferences. Each email has a link to unsubscribe.

By clicking ‘Create my account’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Already have an account? sign in

By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Register for free to continue reading

Registration is a free and easy way to support our truly independent journalism

By registering, you will also enjoy limited access to Premium articles, exclusive newsletters, commenting, and virtual events with our leading journalists

Already have an account? sign in

By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to our Terms of use, Cookie policy and Privacy notice.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy policy and Terms of service apply.

Join our new commenting forum

Join thought-provoking conversations, follow other Independent readers and see their replies

Comments

Thank you for registering

Please refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site to be automatically logged inPlease refresh your browser to be logged in