News King Tutankhamun was buried with an upright penis in order to portray him as Osiris, the ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife, new research suggests

The ancient Egyptian pharaoh was buried with an erect penis, no heart and covered in black oils to make him appear as the god Osiris, new study claims

Wall to protect Great Sphinx discovered at Giza

A new discovery at Giza, the third largest city in Egypt, suggests that an ancient Egyptian king made serious efforts to protect the Sphinx.

Luxor, no longer a luxury

The city that is the cradle of civilisation is now a no-frills flight destination. Simon Calder enjoys this Nile gem that offers culture and pleasure in equal measure

DJ Taylor: Social mobility's a dance that goes round in circles. Best not go compare...

Where you get to is largely decided by where you start, a situation that rising tuition fees will enforce. But the late Claire Rayner was an exception.

'Expertly crafted' statue of pharoah is dug up in Luxor

An ancient statue of Tutankhamun's grandfather has been unearthed from the west bank of the Nile in Egypt.

Five millennia on, Iceman of Bolzano gives up DNA secrets

Oetzi's genetic code could shed light on hereditary diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and cancer.

Syndicates are fun, but they're not a racing cert

There's glamour, thrills galore, and the joy of a big win, but investors mustn't mind taking the odd tumble too

King Tut died from sickle-cell disease, not malaria

King Tutankhamun died from sickle-cell disease, not malaria, say experts. A team from Hamburg's Bernhard Noct Institute for Tropical Medicine (BNI) claim the disease is a far likelier cause of death than the combination of bone disorders and malaria put forward by Egyptian experts earlier this year.

Yasmin Alibhai-Brown: The new golden age

While the pound and euro teeter on the brink, gold is more valuable than ever. But what inspires our lust? It's more than mere money – it speaks to something elemental in all of us

A country on the knife edge between hope and despair

Forty days after a violent uprising that unseated the president, Kyrgyzstan's future is still uncertain. By Shaun Walker in Bishkek

Colossal statue of Thoth discovered at temple of Amenhotep III in Luxor

A colossal statue of the ancient Egyptian god Thoth, the deity of wisdom, is the latest artefact to be discovered near the mortuary temple of Amenhotep III during archaeological works aimed at controlling the subterranean water level on Luxor's west bank.

Laser survey uncovers ancient Mayan City of Caracol

Researchers using NASA laser technology have discovered thousands of new ancient structures at the Mayan city of Caracol, Belize. The data, which would have taken 25 years to collect using traditional archaeological methods, was gathered in only four days by using a technique called LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging).

Steve Connor: The mercury pills behind Abe's rage

He is supposed to have suffered from mercury poisoning as a result of taking "Little Blue Pills"

Tracing King Tut's family tree in London

Tutankhamun has always captured popular imagination, and been a major draw for museums.

Colossal head of King Tut's granddad discovered at Luxor

A multi-national team of Egyptian and European archaeologists excavating at the site of Amenhotep III’s enormous funerary temple in the Kom El-Hettan area of Luxor’s West Bank have uncovered the 3,000-year-old head of a massive statue of the 18th Dynasty pharaoh, the king of Egyptian kings, whom DNA testing has recently proven was Tutankhamun’s grandfather.

<i>IoS</i> letters, emails & online postings (21 February 2010)

Your article on the distress and mental harm caused by indefinite periods of detention for asylum-seekers, "Locked up indefinitely..." (14 February), referred to detainees as "prisoners". The paradox is that, were they serving a prison sentence, asylum-seekers would have access to a range of legal, welfare and other support services.

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Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project
Diana Krall: The jazz singer on being friends with Elton John, outer space and skiing in Dubai

Diana Krall interview

The jazz singer on being friends with Elton John, outer space and skiing in Dubai
Pinstriped for action: A glimpse of what the very rich man will be wearing this winter

Pinstriped for action

A glimpse of what the very rich man will be wearing this winter
Russell T Davies & Ben Cook: 'Our friendship flourished online. You can share some very revelatory moments at four in the morning…'

Russell T Davies & Ben Cook: How we met

'Our friendship flourished online. You can share some very revelatory moments at four in the morning…'
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef serves up his favourite Japanese dishes

Bill Granger's Japanese recipes

Stock up on mirin, soy and miso and you have the makings of everyday Japanese cuisine
Michael Calvin: How we need more Eric Cantonas to knock some sense into us

Michael Calvin's Last Word

How we need more Eric Cantonas to knock some sense into us