News King Tutankhamun was buried with an upright penis in order to portray him as Osiris, the ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife, new research suggests

The ancient Egyptian pharaoh was buried with an erect penis, no heart and covered in black oils to make him appear as the god Osiris, new study claims

How we met: Barbara Cartland & Laurie Johnson

Dame Barbara Cartland wrote her first book in 1923 and now has 704 romantic novels to her name. She is in the `Guinness Book of Records' as the bestselling author in the world. In 1964 she founded the National Association of Health and has campaigned for many causes, including housing for the elderly. Widowed with three children, she lives in Hertfordshire

football: Calculators and fireworks at the ready

expects nerves to be shredded in today's First Division finale

Travel: How not to get the hump in Egypt

The way to get around in Cairo is to toot your car horn, or failing that to hiss loudly. Alison Emmett offers a city survival guide

Television Production Values: Tomb tale cursed by fear of fact

C4's visit to the Valley of the Kings showed how to bury an interesting archaeology story under layers of jokey flam, writes Jim Burge

Egyptian mummy found buried in garden

AN AMATEUR historian investigating a convalescent home for miners has discovered that an ancient Egyptian mummy was buried in the home's garden.

Navy finds the sunken treasure of Charles I

MARINE ARCHAEOLOGISTS will announce today the discovery of what they believe to be the treasure-laden wreck of Charles I's baggage ferry, the Blessing of Burntisland.

Historical Notes: A feathered snake and a man with a beard

LEGENDS SAY that a bearded white man, with fair hair and blue eyes, brought super-knowledge to the Maya. He taught them the mysteries of the heavens, the laws of mathematics and astronomy, and the skills of the artisan. He taught them to build their pyramids and palaces of stone. Above all else, he taught them wisdom; that purification would come though sacrifice, and that immortality awaited the souls of the pure.

Obituary: Freddie Young

THE WORLD'S greatest cameraman, by general consent, and winner of no less than three Academy Awards, Freddie Young was one of the last links with the silent era. He had the longest career of any cameraman.

Interview: Arfaq hussain: Off the wall

Would you pay pounds 47,000 for a bottle of perfume? No? Well, you're probably not one of The Chosen. E Jane Dickson meets Arfaq Hussain, Michael Jackson's costumier and would-be perfumier extraordinaire. Photographs by Dan Burn-Forti

Divided goddess to become whole again

IF YOU CAN'T possess the whole goddess, then get your hands on as much of her as you can. That, at least, has been the principle of many of the world's collectors since the last century - with disputes over rightful possession of ancient treasures rumbling on for decades.

Tutankhamun was a tomb robber

Historical Notes

Touching the seat of power

Are we getting a little too keen on fame - why should anyone want to sit on a chair once sat on by Gordon Brown?

Ancient Egypt on ecstasy

PARTY-GOERS in ancient Egypt could have become induced into an ecstasy-like state of happiness with the help of a sacred plant called the blue lily.

Film: Holy ghostbusters

The horror that turned heads in '74 has been exhumed from movie hell. Chris Darke exorcises its troubled past, while Catherine Von Ruhland gives it her blessing

Travel: City breaks: 5,000 years in one weekend

The Luxor massacre edged Egypt off the tourist map, writes Anna Dedhar, but now's the time to go back. And where else but Cairo can you take in five millennia of civilisation in one brief break?
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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
Prices correct as of 23 January 2015
Isis hostage crisis: The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power

Isis hostage crisis

The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power, says Robert Fisk
Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Maverick artist Grayson Perry backs our campaign
Missing salvage expert who found $50m of sunken treasure before disappearing, tracked down at last

The runaway buccaneers and the ship full of gold

Salvage expert Tommy Thompson found sunken treasure worth millions. Then he vanished... until now
Assisted Dying Bill: I want to be able to decide about my own death - I want to have control of my life

Assisted Dying Bill: 'I want control of my life'

This week the Assisted Dying Bill is debated in the Lords. Virginia Ironside, who has already made plans for her own self-deliverance, argues that it's time we allowed people a humane, compassionate death
Move over, kale - cabbage is the new rising star

Cabbage is king again

Sophie Morris banishes thoughts of soggy school dinners and turns over a new leaf
11 best winter skin treats

Give your moisturiser a helping hand: 11 best winter skin treats

Get an extra boost of nourishment from one of these hard-working products
Isis hostage crisis: Militant group stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

Isis stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

The jihadis are being squeezed militarily and economically, but there is no sign of an implosion, says Patrick Cockburn
Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action

Virtual reality: Seeing is believing

Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action
Homeless Veterans appeal: MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’

Homeless Veterans appeal

MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’ to help
Larry David, Steve Coogan and other comedians share stories of depression in new documentary

Comedians share stories of depression

The director of the new documentary, Kevin Pollak, tells Jessica Barrett how he got them to talk
Has The Archers lost the plot with it's spicy storylines?

Has The Archers lost the plot?

A growing number of listeners are voicing their discontent over the rural soap's spicy storylines; so loudly that even the BBC's director-general seems worried, says Simon Kelner
English Heritage adds 14 post-war office buildings to its protected lists

14 office buildings added to protected lists

Christopher Beanland explores the underrated appeal of these palaces of pen-pushing
Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Scientists unearthed the cranial fragments from Manot Cave in West Galilee
World War Z author Max Brooks honours WW1's Harlem Hellfighters in new graphic novel

Max Brooks honours Harlem Hellfighters

The author talks about race, legacy and his Will Smith film option to Tim Walker
Why the league system no longer measures up

League system no longer measures up

Jon Coles, former head of standards at the Department of Education, used to be in charge of school performance rankings. He explains how he would reform the system