News King Tutankhamun was buried with an upright penis in order to portray him as Osiris, the ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife, new research suggests

The ancient Egyptian pharaoh was buried with an erect penis, no heart and covered in black oils to make him appear as the god Osiris, new study claims

Books for Children / Presents of things past: History & Geography

DOES your child locate Manchester in Manchuria, believe Queen Victoria ruled the Romans and think that historical dates are bits of squidgy fruit past their best? Not so many years ago children had to learn their history and geography by rote. Now the rote has gone - so much the better, most people will say - but so has the learning. Many parents admire the project work their children bring home but find themselves wishing there was rather more of a conceptual framework - some sense, for example, of where Britain actually is in the world in relation to anywhere else. Publishers are recognising that global, and historical, consciousness arrives fitfully and in stages, and needs to be coaxed gently into life.

Lenin's brain: They took it out to understand the source of a Revolution they now reject. But they tend it still - safe and sound in 31,000 pieces. Andrew Higgins reports

Not all dust will return to dust when the pickled corpse of Vladimir Ilich Lenin leaves its glass sarcophagus in Red Square to rot in the soil of St Petersburg cemetery next to the bones of his mother.

City: Cleaning house

Harrods is a pretty strange place these days. I don't go there often, but I was in the hi-fi department recently when a small brass band blowing at full volume emerged suddenly from the kitchen appliances department, marched through hi-fi and disappeared into books. The procession was dressed in blue, with a couple of girls carrying placards, and it bore a peculiar resemblance to the Salvation Army. They must have been advertising something but it wasn't clear what.

Racing: Carnarvon prospers in serving many masters: The rise of Lemon Souffle is the latest success for the Queen's racing manager who has found the ingredients for a full life: Sue Montgomery on a man who has discovered a niche as breeder, entrepreneur and administrator

THERE are two tasty Lemon Souffles in the thoughts of Lord Carnarvon. One is his classy home-bred filly, favourite for next year's 1,000 Guineas. The other is an entry in a more unlikely source of pride, the Highclere Castle Recipes cookbook.

Tutankhamun interred in second-hand sarcophagus: Researchers discover ornate stone 'coffin' was altered for boy king after Egypt turned against earlier pharaoh. David Keys reports

TUTANKHAMUN, the Egyptian boy king buried in golden splendour, was interred in a second-hand 'coffin' intended for his predecessor, research has revealed.

Letter: Queues for the palace

Sir: You, rightly, refer (leading article, 24 June) to the unsatisfactory admission arrangements for visitors to Buckingham Palace; but even you assume that someone queuing for hours will eventually purchase a ticket. Is this assumption justified?

BOOK REVIEW / Eavesdropping, incest and Tutankhamun's tomb: 'In the Houses of the West' - Christopher Burns: Hodder & Stoughton, 14.99 pounds

THE LOCALES of Christopher Burns's fiction grow steadily more exotic. Snakewrist (1986), his first novel, was set in South America; The Condition of Ice (1990), his third, took place on the summit of an Alpine peak. While its successor takes in archaeological excavations in Twenties Egypt, the consistency of Burns's themes cancels out geographical distance. Whether at large in the Amazonian jungle, floundering on snowy precipices or monitoring Howard Carter's investigation of the tomb of Tutankhamun, his people are all of the same emotional stamp.

Discovery at pyramid was accidental: Tiny door unearthed by scientists could lead to substantial chamber

IT WILL be a strange irony indeed if one of the greatest mysteries of Egyptology turns out to have been cracked by scientists who had been seeking only to limit the ravages of 20th-century mass tourism.

Muslim militants claim bus bombing

CAIRO - A Muslim militant group claimed responsibility for a bomb planted yesterday outside the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo which damaged five tourist buses but caused no casualties.

Eternal power of pyramid selling: New shops in London testify to the fascination we still have for ancient Egypt, says Jonathan Glancey

When Cleopatra bedded first Julius Caesar, then Mark Antony, she seduced a civilisation: western Europe has been in the thrall of Egypt, on and off, ever since.

Departures: Visiting mummy

EGYPTIAN authorities are still allowing public access to Tutankhamun's tomb, even though it was supposed to have been closed last month. Goldenjoy Holidays (071-794 9818) is offering a seven- night package to Luxor from pounds 239 including return air travel, bed and breakfast and an excursion to the tomb.

Obituary: Arthur Gandolfi

Arthur Ernest Gandolfi, camera-maker, born London 4 July 1906, died East Dulwich 22 January 1993.

You dream-maker, you heartbreaker: Audrey Hepburn died on Wednesday at the age of 63. An appreciation by Anthony Lane

'I'VE grown accustomed to her face,' said Rex Harrison in My Fair Lady, furious at falling in love - dammit, almost singing in his emotion. But then we all grew accustomed to Audrey Hepburn's face: 'her smiles, her frowns, her ups, her downs . . .'

THEATRE / Just when you thought it was safe to say socialism

IN Don Taylor's Retreat from Moscow, a left-wing English classicist and an immigrant Russian historian lock horns over the definition of socialism - the only hope for earthly salvation, or mankind's greatest curse? To that extent, the author's production amounts to another round in the debate between British innocence and East European experience.
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John Palmer: 'Goldfinger' of British crime was murdered, say police

Murder of the Brink’s-MAT mastermind

'Goldfinger' of British crime's life ended in a blaze of bullets, say police
Forget little green men - aliens will look like humans, says Cambridge University evolution expert

Forget little green men

Leading evolutionary biologist says aliens will look like humans
The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: An Algerian scientist adjusts to life working in a kebab shop

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

An Algerian scientist struggles to adjust to her new life working in a Scottish kebab shop
Bodyworlds museum: Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy

Dying dream of Doctor Death

Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy
UK heatwave: Temperature reaches 39.8 degrees on Central Line - the sweatiest place in London

39.8 degrees recorded on Tube

There's hot (London) and too damn hot (the Underground). Simon Usborne braved the Central line to discover what its passengers suffer
Kitchens go hi-tech: From robot chefs to recipe-shopping apps, computerised cooking is coming

Computerised cooking is coming

From apps that automatically make shopping lists from your recipe books to smart ovens and robot chefs, Kevin Maney rounds up innovations to make your mouth water
Jessie Cave interview: The Harry Potter star has published a feminist collection of cartoons

Jessie Cave's feminist cartoons

The Harry Potter star tells Alice Jones how a one-night stand changed her life
Football Beyond Borders: Even the most distruptive pupils score at homework club

Education: Football Beyond Borders

Add football to an after-school homework club, and even the naughtiest boys can score
10 best barbecue books

Fire up the barbie: 10 best barbecue books

We've got Bibles to get you grilling and smoking like a true south American pro
Wimbledon 2015: Nick Bollettieri - Junk balls and chop and slice are only way 5ft 1in Kurumi Nara can live with Petra Kvitova’s power

Nick Bollettieri's Wimbledon Files

Junk balls and chop and slice are only way 5ft 1in Kurumi Nara can live with Petra Kvitova’s power
Ron Dennis exclusive: ‘This is one of the best McLaren teams ever – we are going to do it’

‘This is one of the best McLaren teams ever – we are going to do it’

Ron Dennis shrugs off a poor start to the season in an exclusive interview, and says the glory days will come back
Seifeddine Rezgui: What motivated a shy student to kill 38 holidaymakers in Tunisia?

Making of a killer

What motivated a shy student to kill 38 holidaymakers in Tunisia?
UK Heatwave: Temperatures on the tube are going to exceed the legal limit for transporting cattle

Just when you thought your commute couldn't get any worse...

Heatwave will see temperatures on the Tube exceed legal limit for transporting cattle
Exclusive - The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: Swapping Bucharest for London

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

Meet the man who swapped Romania for the UK in a bid to provide for his family, only to discover that the home he left behind wasn't quite what it seemed
Cheaper energy on the way, but it's not all sunshine and rainbows

Cheaper energy on the way, but it's not all sunshine and rainbows

Solar power will help bring down electricity prices over the next five years, according to a new report. But it’s cheap imports of ‘dirty power’ that will lower them the most