News King Tutankhamun was buried with an upright penis in order to portray him as Osiris, the ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife, new research suggests

The ancient Egyptian pharaoh was buried with an erect penis, no heart and covered in black oils to make him appear as the god Osiris, new study claims

Books for Children / Presents of things past: History & Geography

DOES your child locate Manchester in Manchuria, believe Queen Victoria ruled the Romans and think that historical dates are bits of squidgy fruit past their best? Not so many years ago children had to learn their history and geography by rote. Now the rote has gone - so much the better, most people will say - but so has the learning. Many parents admire the project work their children bring home but find themselves wishing there was rather more of a conceptual framework - some sense, for example, of where Britain actually is in the world in relation to anywhere else. Publishers are recognising that global, and historical, consciousness arrives fitfully and in stages, and needs to be coaxed gently into life.

Lenin's brain: They took it out to understand the source of a Revolution they now reject. But they tend it still - safe and sound in 31,000 pieces. Andrew Higgins reports

Not all dust will return to dust when the pickled corpse of Vladimir Ilich Lenin leaves its glass sarcophagus in Red Square to rot in the soil of St Petersburg cemetery next to the bones of his mother.

City: Cleaning house

Harrods is a pretty strange place these days. I don't go there often, but I was in the hi-fi department recently when a small brass band blowing at full volume emerged suddenly from the kitchen appliances department, marched through hi-fi and disappeared into books. The procession was dressed in blue, with a couple of girls carrying placards, and it bore a peculiar resemblance to the Salvation Army. They must have been advertising something but it wasn't clear what.

Racing: Carnarvon prospers in serving many masters: The rise of Lemon Souffle is the latest success for the Queen's racing manager who has found the ingredients for a full life: Sue Montgomery on a man who has discovered a niche as breeder, entrepreneur and administrator

THERE are two tasty Lemon Souffles in the thoughts of Lord Carnarvon. One is his classy home-bred filly, favourite for next year's 1,000 Guineas. The other is an entry in a more unlikely source of pride, the Highclere Castle Recipes cookbook.

Tutankhamun interred in second-hand sarcophagus: Researchers discover ornate stone 'coffin' was altered for boy king after Egypt turned against earlier pharaoh. David Keys reports

TUTANKHAMUN, the Egyptian boy king buried in golden splendour, was interred in a second-hand 'coffin' intended for his predecessor, research has revealed.

Letter: Queues for the palace

Sir: You, rightly, refer (leading article, 24 June) to the unsatisfactory admission arrangements for visitors to Buckingham Palace; but even you assume that someone queuing for hours will eventually purchase a ticket. Is this assumption justified?

BOOK REVIEW / Eavesdropping, incest and Tutankhamun's tomb: 'In the Houses of the West' - Christopher Burns: Hodder & Stoughton, 14.99 pounds

THE LOCALES of Christopher Burns's fiction grow steadily more exotic. Snakewrist (1986), his first novel, was set in South America; The Condition of Ice (1990), his third, took place on the summit of an Alpine peak. While its successor takes in archaeological excavations in Twenties Egypt, the consistency of Burns's themes cancels out geographical distance. Whether at large in the Amazonian jungle, floundering on snowy precipices or monitoring Howard Carter's investigation of the tomb of Tutankhamun, his people are all of the same emotional stamp.

Discovery at pyramid was accidental: Tiny door unearthed by scientists could lead to substantial chamber

IT WILL be a strange irony indeed if one of the greatest mysteries of Egyptology turns out to have been cracked by scientists who had been seeking only to limit the ravages of 20th-century mass tourism.

Muslim militants claim bus bombing

CAIRO - A Muslim militant group claimed responsibility for a bomb planted yesterday outside the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo which damaged five tourist buses but caused no casualties.

Eternal power of pyramid selling: New shops in London testify to the fascination we still have for ancient Egypt, says Jonathan Glancey

When Cleopatra bedded first Julius Caesar, then Mark Antony, she seduced a civilisation: western Europe has been in the thrall of Egypt, on and off, ever since.

Departures: Visiting mummy

EGYPTIAN authorities are still allowing public access to Tutankhamun's tomb, even though it was supposed to have been closed last month. Goldenjoy Holidays (071-794 9818) is offering a seven- night package to Luxor from pounds 239 including return air travel, bed and breakfast and an excursion to the tomb.

Obituary: Arthur Gandolfi

Arthur Ernest Gandolfi, camera-maker, born London 4 July 1906, died East Dulwich 22 January 1993.

You dream-maker, you heartbreaker: Audrey Hepburn died on Wednesday at the age of 63. An appreciation by Anthony Lane

'I'VE grown accustomed to her face,' said Rex Harrison in My Fair Lady, furious at falling in love - dammit, almost singing in his emotion. But then we all grew accustomed to Audrey Hepburn's face: 'her smiles, her frowns, her ups, her downs . . .'

THEATRE / Just when you thought it was safe to say socialism

IN Don Taylor's Retreat from Moscow, a left-wing English classicist and an immigrant Russian historian lock horns over the definition of socialism - the only hope for earthly salvation, or mankind's greatest curse? To that extent, the author's production amounts to another round in the debate between British innocence and East European experience.
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NHS struggling to monitor the safety and efficacy of its services outsourced to private providers

Who's monitoring the outsourced NHS services?

A report finds that private firms are not being properly assessed for their quality of care
Zac Goldsmith: 'I'll trigger a by-election over Heathrow'

Zac Goldsmith: 'I'll trigger a by-election over Heathrow'

The Tory MP said he did not want to stand again unless his party's manifesto ruled out a third runway. But he's doing so. Watch this space
How do Greek voters feel about Syriza's backtracking on its anti-austerity pledge?

How do Greeks feel about Syriza?

Five voters from different backgrounds tell us what they expect from Syriza's charismatic leader Alexis Tsipras
From Iraq to Libya and Syria: The wars that come back to haunt us

The wars that come back to haunt us

David Cameron should not escape blame for his role in conflicts that are still raging, argues Patrick Cockburn
Sam Baker and Lauren Laverne: Too busy to surf? Head to The Pool

Too busy to surf? Head to The Pool

A new website is trying to declutter the internet to help busy women. Holly Williams meets the founders
Heston Blumenthal to cook up a spice odyssey for British astronaut manning the International Space Station

UK's Major Tum to blast off on a spice odyssey

Nothing but the best for British astronaut as chef Heston Blumenthal cooks up his rations
John Harrison's 'longitude' clock sets new record - 300 years on

‘Longitude’ clock sets new record - 300 years on

Greenwich horologists celebrate as it keeps to within a second of real time over a 100-day test
Fears in the US of being outgunned in the vital propaganda wars by Russia, China - and even Isis - have prompted a rethink on overseas broadcasters

Let the propaganda wars begin - again

'Accurate, objective, comprehensive': that was Voice of America's creed, but now its masters want it to promote US policy, reports Rupert Cornwell
Why Japan's incredible long-distance runners will never win the London Marathon

Japan's incredible long-distance runners

Every year, Japanese long-distance runners post some of the world's fastest times – yet, come next weekend, not a single elite competitor from the country will be at the London Marathon
Why does Tom Drury remain the greatest writer you've never heard of?

Tom Drury: The quiet American

His debut was considered one of the finest novels of the past 50 years, and he is every bit the equal of his contemporaries, Jonathan Franzen, Dave Eggers and David Foster Wallace
You should judge a person by how they peel a potato

You should judge a person by how they peel a potato

Dave Hax's domestic tips are reminiscent of George Orwell's tea routine. The world might need revolution, but we like to sweat the small stuff, says DJ Taylor
Beige is back: The drab car colours of the 1970s are proving popular again

Beige to the future

Flares and flounce are back on catwalks but a revival in ’70s car paintjobs was a stack-heeled step too far – until now
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef's dishes highlight the delicate essence of fresh cheeses

Bill Granger cooks with fresh cheeses

More delicate on the palate, milder, fresh cheeses can also be kinder to the waistline
Aston Villa vs Liverpool: 'This FA Cup run has been wonderful,' says veteran Shay Given

Shay Given: 'This FA Cup run has been wonderful'

The Villa keeper has been overlooked for a long time and has unhappy memories of the national stadium – but he is savouring his chance to play at Wembley
Timeless drama of Championship race in league of its own - Michael Calvin

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Timeless drama of Championship race in league of its own