News King Tutankhamun was buried with an upright penis in order to portray him as Osiris, the ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife, new research suggests

The ancient Egyptian pharaoh was buried with an erect penis, no heart and covered in black oils to make him appear as the god Osiris, new study claims

Books for Children / Presents of things past: History & Geography

DOES your child locate Manchester in Manchuria, believe Queen Victoria ruled the Romans and think that historical dates are bits of squidgy fruit past their best? Not so many years ago children had to learn their history and geography by rote. Now the rote has gone - so much the better, most people will say - but so has the learning. Many parents admire the project work their children bring home but find themselves wishing there was rather more of a conceptual framework - some sense, for example, of where Britain actually is in the world in relation to anywhere else. Publishers are recognising that global, and historical, consciousness arrives fitfully and in stages, and needs to be coaxed gently into life.

Lenin's brain: They took it out to understand the source of a Revolution they now reject. But they tend it still - safe and sound in 31,000 pieces. Andrew Higgins reports

Not all dust will return to dust when the pickled corpse of Vladimir Ilich Lenin leaves its glass sarcophagus in Red Square to rot in the soil of St Petersburg cemetery next to the bones of his mother.

City: Cleaning house

Harrods is a pretty strange place these days. I don't go there often, but I was in the hi-fi department recently when a small brass band blowing at full volume emerged suddenly from the kitchen appliances department, marched through hi-fi and disappeared into books. The procession was dressed in blue, with a couple of girls carrying placards, and it bore a peculiar resemblance to the Salvation Army. They must have been advertising something but it wasn't clear what.

Racing: Carnarvon prospers in serving many masters: The rise of Lemon Souffle is the latest success for the Queen's racing manager who has found the ingredients for a full life: Sue Montgomery on a man who has discovered a niche as breeder, entrepreneur and administrator

THERE are two tasty Lemon Souffles in the thoughts of Lord Carnarvon. One is his classy home-bred filly, favourite for next year's 1,000 Guineas. The other is an entry in a more unlikely source of pride, the Highclere Castle Recipes cookbook.

Tutankhamun interred in second-hand sarcophagus: Researchers discover ornate stone 'coffin' was altered for boy king after Egypt turned against earlier pharaoh. David Keys reports

TUTANKHAMUN, the Egyptian boy king buried in golden splendour, was interred in a second-hand 'coffin' intended for his predecessor, research has revealed.

Letter: Queues for the palace

Sir: You, rightly, refer (leading article, 24 June) to the unsatisfactory admission arrangements for visitors to Buckingham Palace; but even you assume that someone queuing for hours will eventually purchase a ticket. Is this assumption justified?

BOOK REVIEW / Eavesdropping, incest and Tutankhamun's tomb: 'In the Houses of the West' - Christopher Burns: Hodder & Stoughton, 14.99 pounds

THE LOCALES of Christopher Burns's fiction grow steadily more exotic. Snakewrist (1986), his first novel, was set in South America; The Condition of Ice (1990), his third, took place on the summit of an Alpine peak. While its successor takes in archaeological excavations in Twenties Egypt, the consistency of Burns's themes cancels out geographical distance. Whether at large in the Amazonian jungle, floundering on snowy precipices or monitoring Howard Carter's investigation of the tomb of Tutankhamun, his people are all of the same emotional stamp.

Discovery at pyramid was accidental: Tiny door unearthed by scientists could lead to substantial chamber

IT WILL be a strange irony indeed if one of the greatest mysteries of Egyptology turns out to have been cracked by scientists who had been seeking only to limit the ravages of 20th-century mass tourism.

Muslim militants claim bus bombing

CAIRO - A Muslim militant group claimed responsibility for a bomb planted yesterday outside the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo which damaged five tourist buses but caused no casualties.

Eternal power of pyramid selling: New shops in London testify to the fascination we still have for ancient Egypt, says Jonathan Glancey

When Cleopatra bedded first Julius Caesar, then Mark Antony, she seduced a civilisation: western Europe has been in the thrall of Egypt, on and off, ever since.

Departures: Visiting mummy

EGYPTIAN authorities are still allowing public access to Tutankhamun's tomb, even though it was supposed to have been closed last month. Goldenjoy Holidays (071-794 9818) is offering a seven- night package to Luxor from pounds 239 including return air travel, bed and breakfast and an excursion to the tomb.

Obituary: Arthur Gandolfi

Arthur Ernest Gandolfi, camera-maker, born London 4 July 1906, died East Dulwich 22 January 1993.

You dream-maker, you heartbreaker: Audrey Hepburn died on Wednesday at the age of 63. An appreciation by Anthony Lane

'I'VE grown accustomed to her face,' said Rex Harrison in My Fair Lady, furious at falling in love - dammit, almost singing in his emotion. But then we all grew accustomed to Audrey Hepburn's face: 'her smiles, her frowns, her ups, her downs . . .'

THEATRE / Just when you thought it was safe to say socialism

IN Don Taylor's Retreat from Moscow, a left-wing English classicist and an immigrant Russian historian lock horns over the definition of socialism - the only hope for earthly salvation, or mankind's greatest curse? To that extent, the author's production amounts to another round in the debate between British innocence and East European experience.
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Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
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Isis hostage crisis: The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power

Isis hostage crisis

The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power, says Robert Fisk
Missing salvage expert who found $50m of sunken treasure before disappearing, tracked down at last

The runaway buccaneers and the ship full of gold

Salvage expert Tommy Thompson found sunken treasure worth millions. Then he vanished... until now
Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Maverick artist Grayson Perry backs our campaign
Assisted Dying Bill: I want to be able to decide about my own death - I want to have control of my life

Assisted Dying Bill: 'I want control of my life'

This week the Assisted Dying Bill is debated in the Lords. Virginia Ironside, who has already made plans for her own self-deliverance, argues that it's time we allowed people a humane, compassionate death
Move over, kale - cabbage is the new rising star

Cabbage is king again

Sophie Morris banishes thoughts of soggy school dinners and turns over a new leaf
11 best winter skin treats

Give your moisturiser a helping hand: 11 best winter skin treats

Get an extra boost of nourishment from one of these hard-working products
Paul Scholes column: The more Jose Mourinho attempts to influence match officials, the more they are likely to ignore him

Paul Scholes column

The more Jose Mourinho attempts to influence match officials, the more they are likely to ignore him
Frank Warren column: No cigar, but pots of money: here come the Cubans

Frank Warren's Ringside

No cigar, but pots of money: here come the Cubans
Isis hostage crisis: Militant group stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

Isis stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

The jihadis are being squeezed militarily and economically, but there is no sign of an implosion, says Patrick Cockburn
Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action

Virtual reality: Seeing is believing

Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action
Homeless Veterans appeal: MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’

Homeless Veterans appeal

MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’ to help
Larry David, Steve Coogan and other comedians share stories of depression in new documentary

Comedians share stories of depression

The director of the new documentary, Kevin Pollak, tells Jessica Barrett how he got them to talk
Has The Archers lost the plot with it's spicy storylines?

Has The Archers lost the plot?

A growing number of listeners are voicing their discontent over the rural soap's spicy storylines; so loudly that even the BBC's director-general seems worried, says Simon Kelner
English Heritage adds 14 post-war office buildings to its protected lists

14 office buildings added to protected lists

Christopher Beanland explores the underrated appeal of these palaces of pen-pushing
Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Scientists unearthed the cranial fragments from Manot Cave in West Galilee