How to ease hay fever symptoms, according to an expert

Suffering from a headache, sore throat and puffy eyes? Try these solutions to treat allergies

Louise Whitbread,Eva Waite-Taylor
Monday 26 April 2021 10:57
<p>You don’t want to get caught out on a high pollen day, so follow these tips</p>

You don’t want to get caught out on a high pollen day, so follow these tips

Sunny skies and hot weather are warmly welcomed, particularly considering the fact that the lockdown roadmap stipulates that our socialising must happen outdoors in groups of six or two households.

But the heat can also bring an increased pollen count, which will wreak havoc among hay fever and allergy sufferers. As temperatures rise, the tree pollen count will do so as well, meaning little respite.

Hay fever isn't enjoyable for anyone, and having a runny nose, itchy throat and headache can easily spoil a pleasant day meeting friends for a socially distanced barbecue or picnic.

According to the NHS, symptoms generally get worse between late March and September, and around a fifth of the population suffer from hay fever, with research predicting that the UK’s rates are expected to double by 2030.

You can check the pollen forecast in your local area on the Met Office website, so you’re not caught out by a particularly bad day.

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But, luckily, we’re here to help you get ahead of it. We asked Dr Beverley Adams-Groom, chief pollen forecaster at the University of Worcester, for her top tips for reducing those dreaded symptoms.

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Be prepared ahead of time

“We strongly advise people to take medication a week or two in advance of the start of the season," says Dr Adams-Groom.

"If sufferers can avoid the first really bad hay fever attack, they will have a much better season overall,” she explains, and recommends checking pollen calendars to help identify your symptoms.

Barrier balm for pollen sufferes

Aside from tablets, sufferers can use barrier products, such as balms that you put underneath your nostrils, on your next trip outside. She suggests visiting your local pharmacist who can help you find the best medication and barrier products for you.

“Often you need a combination of products, for example, antihistamines with a barrier product or a nasal spray. People sometimes have to experiment to get the best medication for them as individuals.”

Antihistamines are often the most effective medication at preventing your symptoms. Dr Adams-Groom explains they work by suppressing the histamine that is produced in the mast cells inside your nose when pollen hits them.

"However, with all products, you can get breakthrough symptoms when the pollen gets very high, in which case it is helpful to use another product as well and do your best to stay indoors," she says.

How can you minimise discomfort?

Dr Adams-Groom says that being inside with the doors and windows shut is beneficial to hay fever sufferers as it will prevent pollen from entering.

She recommends changing clothes if you’re coming from the garden indoors, and wiping pet fur down with a damp cloth to catch the pollen.

“If you have to go out, wear a mask to prevent the pollen from entering your nose and wear sunglasses to keep the pollen out of your eyes and ensure windows are closed and air-con is on when travelling in a car,” she says.

Is there anything you should avoid?

If you suffer from tree pollen, then some foods are worth avoiding to prevent cross-reactivity, also known as oral allergy syndrome.

According to Dr Adams-Groom, you should steer clear of almonds, apples, apricots, carrots, celery, cherries, hazelnuts, kiwis, parsley, peached, peanuts, pears, plums and soya beans, particularly if you have a birch tree allergy.

Are there any products that can help?

Rather than just put up with the discomfort hayfever causes, there are plenty of products that can help whether your issue is itchy eyes, a runny nose, redness or all of the above.

According to the NHS, a beclometasone nasal (nose) spray can help to bring down inflammation of the inside of your nose caused by hayfever. Try this beclometasone hayfever relief nasal spray (£4.99, Chemist-4-u.com) to effectively combat sneezing and a runny nose. To apply, use two sprays in each nostril twice a day.

With daily use, this nasal spray will help calm redness and soothe irritation

For your home, this HoMedics totalclean air purifier AP15 (£89.99, Amazon.co.uk) helps to reduce pollen, dust mites and airborne allergens that may already be in your house or being brought in by your pets.

For quiet filtration of dusty air particles, this purifier is ideal for hayfever sufferers

There are three speeds – low, medium and high – and it comes with a three-year guarantee, while the filter will only need replacing every 18 months.

Alternatively, our favourite air purifier is the Blueair blue pure 411 air purifier (£128.02, Amazon.co.uk). Founded in Sweden, the brand has a whole range of products. This particular model is small but powerful and designed for smaller rooms of up to 15sq m. Our writer praised its simple setup with one-button control – you just need to plug it in and turn it on.

With three speed settings, this is a no-fuss purifier that completely filters room air every 12 minutes. Our reviewer noted that the air was fresher to breathe, and in particular, it removed cooking smells when placed in the kitchen. Thanks to the 1.5 watts of power, it’s very energy efficient if you’re going to have it on for long periods of time.​

To soothe itchy, watery eyes and relieve redness, try these Boots hayfever relief 2 per cent w/v eye drops (£4.99, Boots.com), which will help to alleviate the discomfort hayfever causes.

Itchy eyes are uncomfortable, so use these eye drops to minimise hayfever symptoms

It's recommended to squeeze one or two drops into each eye, four times a day. If you see no improvement after two days of use, contact your doctor who will be able to advise on what you might need.

An eye compress can also be beneficial, particularly if you're struggling with inflammation and swelling. The eye doctor allergy hay fever compresses (£7.49, Amazon.co.uk) are made with a self-cooling fabric and look much like a regular sleeping eye mask with adjustable straps to help keep it securely on your face.

Store these in the fridge for instant relief when worn

You can put them in the fridge for a few minutes prior to use too.

To help shield your eyes from the pollen in the air, wearing a pair of sunglasses can help. In our guide to the best sunglasses for women, the Le Specs women's air heart sunglasses (£55, Libertylondon.com) came out on top for being both stylish and practical, so you don't have to compromise on either.

With proportions reminiscent of cat-eye, the thick tort frame and metal top bar inlay made for a sturdy feel, so when you're covering up streaming eyes, you can look good while you do it.

In our guide to men's sunglasses, however, the Cubitts marchmont II sunglasses (£125, Cubitts.com) impressed us the most.

Each pair goes through 50 individual production steps resulting in a reassuringly sturdy build quality, and they come in a small, regular and large size, so you’re guaranteed a great fit.

These Nuage hayfever relief allergy wipes (£1.99, Superdrug.com) can also be used to remove and trap pollen, dust or other irritants that may be on your skin.

Keep a packet of these wipes to hand to help reduce swelling

They can also help to reduce swelling around the eye area.

Cannabidiol (CBD) may also be an effective choice, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties. This Botanics simply calm hydrating serum with cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil (£11.49, Boots.com) is a handy product to add to your skincare regimen.

Try using a CBD product, such as this face serum, too reduce inflammation

It will soothe stressed skin while reducing redness and blemishes with regular use and is fast-absorbing, so won't leave an oily residue.

Another option is changing your bedding since natural fillings, such as down and feather, can cause itching and irritation, and the dander materials in some casings can exacerbate hay fever symptoms.

In our guide to the best hypoallergenic pillows, the ​Soak & Sleep single pillow (£16, Soakandsleep.com) was a stand-out thanks to having “a level of luxury that the others just didn’t come close to.”

The height of the pillows was the largest when compared to the others in the round-up, and our writer noted that “you will feel your head sink into its depths before being cradled by the supportive hollow fibre chamber at its core”.

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